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НазваThanksgiving Day (реферат)
АвторRoman
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Thanksgiving Day

 

Contents

 

Introduction

 

History

 

Spaniards

 

1619 thanksgiving, the Virginia colony

 

1621 Thanksgiving, the Pilgrims at Plymouth

 

The Revolutionary War to nationhood

 

Thanksgiving proclamations in the first thirty years of nationhood

 

Lincoln and the Civil War

 

1939 to 1940

 

1941 to present

 

Traditional celebrations

 

Foods of the season

 

Giving thanks

 

Vacation and travel

 

Parades

 

Date

 

Future Thanksgiving dates 2009–2014

 

Friday after Thanksgiving

 

Advent (Christmas) season

 

Introduction

 

Thanksgiving Day is a harvest festival. Traditionally, it is a time to

give thanks for the harvest and express gratitude in general. It is a

holiday celebrated primarily in Canada and the United States. While

perhaps religious in origin, Thanksgiving is now primarily identified as

a secular holiday.

 

The date and location of the first Thanksgiving celebration is a topic

of modest contention. Though the earliest attested Thanksgiving

celebration was on September 8, 1565 in what is now Saint Augustine,

Florida, the traditional "first Thanksgiving" is venerated as having

occurred at the site of Plymouth Plantation, in 1621.

 

Today, Thanksgiving is celebrated on the second Monday of October in

Canada and on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States.

Thanksgiving dinner is held on this day, usually as a gathering of

family members and friends.

 

Thanksgiving, or Thanksgiving Day, celebrated on the fourth Thursday in

November, is an annual federal holiday in the United States. It was

historically a religious observation to give thanks to God, but it is

now considered a secular holiday.

 

Most people celebrate by gathering at home with family or friends for a

holiday feast. Though the holiday's origins can be traced to harvest

festivals which have been celebrated in many cultures since ancient

times, the American holiday has religious undertones related to the

deliverance of the English settlers by Native Americans after the harsh

winter at Plymouth, Massachusetts.

 

History

 

Spaniards

 

The first recorded Thanksgiving ceremony took place on September 8,

1565, when 600 Spanish settlers, under the leadership of Pedro Menйndez

de Avilйs, landed at what is now St. Augustine, Florida, and immediately

held a Mass of Thanksgiving for their safe delivery to the New World;

there followed a feast and celebration. As the La Florida colony did

become part of the United States, this can be classified as the first

Thanksgiving.

 

The Spanish colonial town of San Elizario (San Elceario), near El Paso,

Texas, has also been said to be the site of the first Thanksgiving to be

held in what is now known as the United States, though that was not a

harvest festival. Spaniard Don Juan de Oсate ordered his expedition

party to rest and conducted a mass in celebration of thanksgiving on

April 30, 1598.

 

1619 thanksgiving, the Virginia colony

 

On December 4, 1619, 38 English settlers arrived at Berkeley Hundred,

which comprised about 8,000 acres (32 kmІ) on the north bank of the

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