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Kolomyia

 

Kolomyia (or better, to suit the Ukrainian spelling, Kolomyya,

Ukrainian: Коломия, Polish: Ko?omyja, Russian: Коломыя, German: Kolomea,

Romanian: Colomeea) is a city located on the Prut River in the

Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province), in western Ukraine. Serving as the

administrative center of the Kolomyisky Raion (district), the city is

also designated as a separate raion within the oblast. The city rests

approximately halfway between Lviv and Chernivtsi, in the center of the

historical region of Pokuttya, with which it shares much of its history.

 

The current estimated population was around 68,000 inhabitants as of

1993.

 

The city is a notable railroad hub, as well as an industrial center

(textiles, shoes, metallurgical plant, machine works, wood and paper

industry). It is a center of Hutsul culture.Contents [hide]

 

History

 

Early history

 

Under Kievan Rus' and the principality of Halych-Volhynia (1241-1340)

 

The settlement of Kolomyia was first mentioned in 1241, during the

Mongol invasion of Rus. Initially part of Kievan Rus', it later belonged

to one of its successor states, the principality of Halych-Volhynia.

 

Under Poland (1340-1498)

 

In 1340 it was annexed to Poland by King Casimir III, together with the

rest of the region of Red Ruthenia. In a short time the settlement

became one of the most notable centres of commerce in the area. Because

of that, the population rose rapidly.

 

Prior to 1353 there were two parishes in the settlement, one for

Catholics and the other for Orthodox. In 1412 King W?adys?aw Jagie??o

erected a Dominican order monastery and a stone-built church there.

About the same time, the king was forced by the war with the Teutonic

Order to pawn the area of Pokucie to the hospodar of Moldavia,

Alexander. Although the city remained under Polish sovereignty, the

income of the customs offices in the area was given to the Moldavians,

after which time the debt was repaid.

 

Development

 

In 1424 the town's city rights were confirmed and it was granted with

the Magdeburg Law, which allowed the burghers limited self-governance.

This move made the development of the area faster and Ko?omyja, as it

was called then, attracted many settlers from many parts of Europe.

Apart from the local Ruthenians and Poles, many Armenians, Jews, and

Hungarians settled there. In 1443, a year before his death, King

Wladislaus II of Poland granted the city yet another privilege which

allowed the burghers to trade salt, one of the most precious minerals of

the Middle Ages.

 

Since the castle gradually fell into disarray, in 1448 King Casimir IV

of Poland gave the castle on the hill above the town to Maria, widow of

Eliah, voivod of Moldavia as a dowry. In exchange, she refurbished the

castle and reinforced it. In 1456 the town was granted yet another

privilege. This time the king allowed the town authorities to stop all

merchants passing by the town, and force them to sell their goods at the

local market. This gave the town an additional boost, especially as the

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