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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKolomyia (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Kolomyia (or better, to suit the Ukrainian spelling, Kolomyya,

Ukrainian: Коломия, Polish: Ko?omyja, Russian: Коломыя, German: Kolomea,

Romanian: Colomeea) is a city located on the Prut River in the

Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province), in western Ukraine. Serving as the

administrative center of the Kolomyisky Raion (district), the city is

also designated as a separate raion within the oblast. The city rests

approximately halfway between Lviv and Chernivtsi, in the center of the

historical region of Pokuttya, with which it shares much of its history.


The current estimated population was around 68,000 inhabitants as of



The city is a notable railroad hub, as well as an industrial center

(textiles, shoes, metallurgical plant, machine works, wood and paper

industry). It is a center of Hutsul culture.Contents [hide]




Early history


Under Kievan Rus' and the principality of Halych-Volhynia (1241-1340)


The settlement of Kolomyia was first mentioned in 1241, during the

Mongol invasion of Rus. Initially part of Kievan Rus', it later belonged

to one of its successor states, the principality of Halych-Volhynia.


Under Poland (1340-1498)


In 1340 it was annexed to Poland by King Casimir III, together with the

rest of the region of Red Ruthenia. In a short time the settlement

became one of the most notable centres of commerce in the area. Because

of that, the population rose rapidly.


?adys?aw Jagie??o erected a Dominican order monastery and a stone-built

church there. About the same time, the king was forced by the war with

the Teutonic Order to pawn the area of Pokucie to the hospodar of

Moldavia, Alexander. Although the city remained under Polish

sovereignty, the income of the customs offices in the area was given to

the Moldavians, after which time the debt was repaid.




mited self-governance. This move made the development of the area faster

and Ko?omyja, as it was called then, attracted many settlers from many

parts of Europe. Apart from the local Ruthenians and Poles, many

Armenians, Jews, and Hungarians settled there. In 1443, a year before

his death, King Wladislaus II of Poland granted the city yet another

privilege which allowed the burghers to trade salt, one of the most

precious minerals of the Middle Ages.


Since the castle gradually fell into disarray, in 1448 King Casimir IV

of Poland gave the castle on the hill above the town to Maria, widow of

Eliah, voivod of Moldavia as a dowry. In exchange, she refurbished the

castle and reinforced it. In 1456 the town was granted yet another

privilege. This time the king allowed the town authorities to stop all

merchants passing by the town, and force them to sell their goods at the

local market. This gave the town an additional boost, especially as the

region was one of three salt-producing areas in Poland (the other two

being Wieliczka and Bochnia), both not far from Krakуw.


The area was relatively peaceful for the next century. However, the

vacuum after the decline of the Golden Horde started to be filled by yet

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