Реферат на тему:
Theoretical preliminaries to literary text interpretation
1. Approaches to interpretation of a literary text.
2. Elements of a literary work. Formal and poetic layers.
3. The theory of foregrounding. Foregrounding and automatization.
1. There are two main approaches to the analysis and interpretation of
a) from the standpoint of the author and
b) from the standpoint of the reader.
The first approach is concerned with the study of the factors that have
influenced the writer and affected his work of art. Among these factors
are: the historical and political situation at the time of creation, the
author’s philosophical and aesthetic views, the historical situation of
the period his work represents, etc. The approach can be traced in the
course of History of Literature.
The second approach attaches importance to the study of the text itself
and its impact on the reader. It involves the analysis of the elements
of the text which evoke definite emotional response and affect the
general impression. It is the second approach that we attempt to follow
while interpreting literature. In each reader, a literary work evokes
some personal associations, images and thoughts.
Recreating the images in his own imagination, receiving the
impressions, the reader is at the same time to pass judgements upon
them, to get through the images to the author’s outlook, to the
so-called image of the author reflected in his writings. An interpreter
is to get at the writer’s message which can be both explicitly expressed
through particular language means and only implied through elusive
images. The effect a literary text produces on the reader may be
ambiguous and diverse.
The message that a literary work conveys is expressed both
linguistically and extralinguistically. Every character, every event,
every bit of dialogue, every figure of speech contributes to the general
effect. To comprehend and interpret a literary work, therefore, one
should be sensitive to the author’s way of balancing both the linguistic
and extralinguistic elements to stir the reader’s imagination, touch his
heart and excite his mind.
Though the material of literature is l-ge, language items in the
context of fiction acquire additional overtones, thus developing a great
suggestive power. It mainly depends on the writer’s skill and his style.
D. Lodge in his book “Language of fiction” (1966) wrote: “Style is the
means by which the writer … ensures that his message is decoded in such
a way that the reader not only understands the information conveyed, but
shares the writer’s attitude towards it”.
2. The impact of a literary work, as it has already been stated,
depends on all the elements constituting it. N. Sharova considers words,
phrases, sentences, paragraphs, chapters to be elements of the verbal
(or formal) layer of a literary work.
Plot, theme, genre, imagery make up the poetic layer.
The verbal and poetic layers form a unity. Therefore, all the events in
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