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НазваUkrainian folk art (реферат)
АвторРоман
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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на тему:

 

Ukrainian folk art

 

Since ancient times Ukrainians have decorated their homes and

embellished their lives with hand crafted objects. Folk handicrafts were

used at times of celebration as well as in everyday life. Skills and

traditions were passed from generation to generation. The love and

appreciation of beauty created an esthetic environment. In homes,

engraved wooden containers were decorated with scenes from the lives of

folk heroes. Porcelain vases filled with flowers stood on carved wooden

shelves. Blossoms were painted on stoves and embroidered onto shirts.

Exotic flowers, branches of snowball trees (symbolizing the love for

one's native land, a girl's beauty and a mother's love), tender buds and

plants are depicted in bold colors. 

 

It is thought that this style of ornamental painting appeared at the

same time as the tradition to decorate eggs with colorful, magic

symbols. It was believed that eggs adorned with those symbols would

protect one from evil. After the introduction of Christianity, the

meanings of these symbols changed. For example, a legend arose that

these painted eggs formed out of Christ's tears. Meanings of some

symbols have survived to this day: a lily, for instance, symbolized

virginity. Buds and leaves represented birth, growth and the continuity

of life. A blossoming poppy was thought to protect one from evil and

negative energy. The Ukrainian decorative folk art of the 20th c. is a

diverse, multi-faced and complicated artistic phenomenon, that has been

developing for a century now in the sphere of traditional domestic art,

professional artists activity and artistic trades, where craftsmen and

artists make team-work aiming at preservation and further development of

traditions. The qualitative changes take place in the art of the 20th c.

They pertain to the functioning of the new forms of popular culture, its

inclusion into cultural and artistic space, as well as social being of

popular craftsmen, education, participation in international and

domestic artistic exhibitions, public acknowledgment and celebration. A

new type of popular craftsman is in the making, bright creative

personalities tend to appear. People and folk creation become the

foundation of national culture. Early in the 20th c. the creative

intelligentsia turned to popular art, started collecting and bringing

about museums, devising theoretical basis for the notion of "folk art".

The mutual influence of popular and professional art, deep structural

modifications, associated with forming of stylistic trends, esp. 

 

Ukrainian decorative folk art 

 

What is Tapestry

 

The art of weaving stands among the oldest the human ever tried to.

Things that will keep you warm in the outer coldness. Things that

beloved wife will lay her very care into. Things into which the young

maid will lay her expectations into for the future fianc?. May it be the

work of the spider which attracted attention of the first weaver, or the

perturbations of the sunbeams seen and passed into the laces, is never

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