Educational System in Great Britain, USA and Ukraine.
Educational System in Great Britain
Types of Schools
Universities and Colleges in Great Britain
2.Educational System in the USA
General Pattern of Education in the USA
Elementary Schools, High Schools and Institutions of Higher learning
Higher Education Institutions
Private and State Colleges
Educational System in Ukraine
Results of Interrogation in Our Class
1. Educational System in Great Britain
Types of Schools
All British children must stay at school from the age of 5 until they
are 16. Many of them stay longer and take final examination when they
are 17 or 18. Before 1965 all children had to go through special
intelligence tests. There were different types of state secondary
schools and at the age of 11 children went to different schools in
accordance of with the results of the tests.
State schools are divided into the following types:
Grammar schools. Children who go to grammar schools are usually those
who show a preference for academic subjects, although many grammar
schools now also have some technical courses.
Technical schools. Some children go to technical schools. Most courses
there are either commercial or technical.
Modern schools. Boys and girls who are interested in working with there
hands and learning in a practical way can go to a technical schools and
learn some trade.
Comprehensive schools. These schools usually combine all types of
secondary education. They have physic, chemistry, biology laboratories,
machine workshops for metal and woodwork and also geography, history and
art departments, commercial and domestic courses.
There are also many schools which the State doesn’t control. They are
private schools. They charge fees for educating children and many of
them are boarding schools, at which pupils live during the term time.
After leaving school many young people go to colleges or further
education. Those who become students at Colleges of Technology (called
“Techs”) come from different schools at different ages between 15 and
17. The lectures at such colleges, each an hour long, start at 8,15 and
end at 4,45 in the afternoon.
Schooling is voluntary under the age of 5 but there is some free nursery
school education before that age. Primary education takes place in
infant schools for pupils ages from 5 to 7 years old and junior schools
(from 8 to 11 years). Some areas have different systems in which middle
schools replace junior schools and take pupils ages from 9 to 11 years.
Secondary education has been available in Britain since 1944. It is
compulsory up to the age of 16, and pupils can stay at school
voluntarily up to three years longer.
In 1965 non-selective comprehensive schools were introduced. Most local
education authorities were have now completely changed over to
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