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Educational System in Great Britain, USA and Ukraine.

 

 

Contents

 

Educational System in Great Britain

 

Types of Schools

 

British Schools

 

Universities and Colleges in Great Britain

 

2.Educational System in the USA

 

General Pattern of Education in the USA

 

Elementary Schools, High Schools and Institutions of Higher learning

 

Higher Education Institutions

 

Private and State Colleges

 

Educational System in Ukraine

 

Results of Interrogation in Our Class

 

Used Literature

 

 

1. Educational System in Great Britain

 

Types of Schools

 

All British children must stay at school from the age of 5 until they

are 16. Many of them stay longer and take final examination when they

are 17 or 18. Before 1965 all children had to go through special

intelligence tests. There were different types of state secondary

schools and at the age of 11 children went to different schools in

accordance of with the results of the tests.

 

State schools are divided into the following types:

 

Grammar schools. Children who go to grammar schools are usually those

who show a preference for academic subjects, although many grammar

schools now also have some technical courses.

 

Technical schools. Some children go to technical schools. Most courses

there are either commercial or technical.

 

Modern schools. Boys and girls who are interested in working with there

hands and learning in a practical way can go to a technical schools and

learn some trade.

 

Comprehensive schools. These schools usually combine all types of

secondary education. They have physic, chemistry, biology laboratories,

machine workshops for metal and woodwork and also geography, history and

art departments, commercial and domestic courses.

 

There are also many schools which the State doesn’t control. They are

private schools. They charge fees for educating children and many of

them are boarding schools, at which pupils live during the term time.

 

After leaving school many young people go to colleges or further

education. Those who become students at Colleges of Technology (called

“Techs”) come from different schools at different ages between 15 and

17. The lectures at such colleges, each an hour long, start at 8,15 and

end at 4,45 in the afternoon.

 

 

British Schools

 

Schooling is voluntary under the age of 5 but there is some free nursery

school education before that age. Primary education takes place in

infant schools for pupils ages from 5 to 7 years old and junior schools

(from 8 to 11 years). Some areas have different systems in which middle

schools replace junior schools and take pupils ages from 9 to 11 years.

Secondary education has been available in Britain since 1944. It is

compulsory up to the age of 16, and pupils can stay at school

voluntarily up to three years longer.

 

In 1965 non-selective comprehensive schools were introduced. Most local

education authorities were have now completely changed over to

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