Table of Contents:
1. A Brief History of the Oxford University
2. Structure of the University
3. Studying at Oxford
3.1 Graduate study at Oxford
3.2 Graduate courses
4. Teaching & Research
4.1 Latest research
5. Life in Oxford
5.1 The city of Oxford
5.2 Music PRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT="
6. Sources of Knowledge
6.1 Bodleian Library
6.2 Museum of the History of Science
Brief History of the Oxford University
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MERGEFORMAT \d \z" Oxford is a unique and historic institution. As the
oldest English-speaking university in the world, it lays claim to eight
centuries of continuous existence. There is no clear date of foundation,
but teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed
rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending
the University of Paris.
In 1188, the historian, Gerald of Wales, gave a public reading to the
assembled Oxford dons and in 1190 the arrival of Emo of Friesland, the
first known overseas student, initiated the University's tradition of
international scholarship. By 1201, the University was headed by a
magister scolarum Oxonie, on whom the title of Chancellor was conferred
in 1214, and in 1231 the masters were recognized as a universitas or
In the 13th century, rioting between town and gown (students and
townspeople) hastened the establishment of primitive halls of residence.
These were succeeded by the first of Oxford's colleges, which began as
medieval 'halls of residence' or endowed houses under the supervision of
a Master. University, Balliol and Merton Colleges, established between
1249 and 1264, were the oldest.
Less than a century later, Oxford had achieved eminence above every
other seat of learning, and won the praises of popes, kings and sages by
virtue of its antiquity, curriculum, doctrine and privileges. In 1355,
Edward III paid tribute to the University for its invaluable
contribution to learning; he also commented on the services rendered to
the state by distinguished Oxford graduates.
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Oxford early on became a centre for lively controversy, with scholars
involved in religious and political disputes. John Wyclif, a
14th-century Master of Balliol, campaigned for a bible in the
vernacular, against the wishes of the papacy. In 1530, Henry VIII forced
the University to accept his divorce from Catherine of Aragon. During
the Reformation in the 16th century, the Anglican churchmen Cranmer,
Latimer and Ridley were tried for heresy and burnt at the stake in
Oxford. The University was Royalist in the Civil War, and Charles I held
a counter-Parliament in Convocation House.
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