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НазваOxford University (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Oxford University


Table of Contents:


1. A Brief History of the Oxford University


2. Structure of the University


2.1 Staff


2.2 Students


3. Studying at Oxford


3.1 Graduate study at Oxford


3.2 Graduate courses


4. Teaching & Research


4.1 Latest research


5. Life in Oxford


5.1 The city of Oxford




5.3 Sports


6. Sources of Knowledge


6.1 Bodleian Library


6.2 Museum of the History of Science


Brief History of the Oxford University


PRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT=" INCLUDEPICTURE "F:\\304voxsnu\\University of

Oxford A Brief History.files\\blueline.gif" \* MERGEFORMAT \d" PRIVATE

"TYPE=PICT;ALT=Map of Oxford dated 1644" INCLUDEPICTURE

"F:\\304voxsnu\\University of Oxford A Brief History.files\\map.gif" \*

MERGEFORMAT \d \z" Oxford is a unique and historic institution. As the

oldest English-speaking university in the world, it lays claim to eight

centuries of continuous existence. There is no clear date of foundation,

but teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed

rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending

the University of Paris.


In 1188, the historian, Gerald of Wales, gave a public reading to the

assembled Oxford dons and in 1190 the arrival of Emo of Friesland, the

first known overseas student, initiated the University's tradition of

international scholarship. By 1201, the University was headed by a

magister scolarum Oxonie, on whom the title of Chancellor was conferred

in 1214, and in 1231 the masters were recognized as a universitas or



In the 13th century, rioting between town and gown (students and

townspeople) hastened the establishment of primitive halls of residence.

These were succeeded by the first of Oxford's colleges, which began as

medieval 'halls of residence' or endowed houses under the supervision of

a Master. University, Balliol and Merton Colleges, established between

1249 and 1264, were the oldest.


Less than a century later, Oxford had achieved eminence above every

other seat of learning, and won the praises of popes, kings and sages by

virtue of its antiquity, curriculum, doctrine and privileges. In 1355,

Edward III paid tribute to the University for its invaluable

contribution to learning; he also commented on the services rendered to

the state by distinguished Oxford graduates.


PRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT=An early drawing of the University Church"


Oxford early on became a centre for lively controversy, with scholars

involved in religious and political disputes. John Wyclif, a

14th-century Master of Balliol, campaigned for a bible in the

vernacular, against the wishes of the papacy. In 1530, Henry VIII forced

the University to accept his divorce from Catherine of Aragon. During

the Reformation in the 16th century, the Anglican churchmen Cranmer,

Latimer and Ridley were tried for heresy and burnt at the stake in

Oxford. The University was Royalist in the Civil War, and Charles I held

a counter-Parliament in Convocation House.

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