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НазваShakespeare Biography (Біографія Шекспіра) (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Shakespeare Biography (Біографія Шекспіра)




William Shakespeare Biography describes the life of William Shakespeare.

From birth to death, Shakespeare Biography describes all that is known

about Shakespeare's life from available documentation including court

and church records, marriage certificates and criticisms by

Shakespeare's rivals.


Shakespeare (1564-1616): Who was he?


Though William Shakespeare is recognized as one of literature’s greatest

influences, very little is actually known about him. What we do know

about his life comes from registrar records, court records, wills,

marriage certificates and his tombstone. Anecdotes and criticisms by his

rivals also speak of the famous playwright and suggest that he was

indeed a playwright, poet and an actor.


Date of Birth? (1564)


William was born in 1564. We know this from the earliest record we have

of his life; his baptism which happened on Wednesday, April the 26th,

1564. We don’t actually know his birthday but from this record we assume

he was born in 1564. Similarly by knowing the famous Bard's baptism

date, we can guess that he was born three days earlier on St. George’s

day, though we have no conclusive proof of this.



Brothers and Sisters.


William was the third child of John and Mary Shakespeare. The first two

were daughters and William was himself followed by Gilbert who died in

1612 and Richard who died in 1613. Edmund (1580-1607), sixth in the line

was baptized on May the third, 1580 and William's oldest living sister

was Joan who outlived her famous playwright brother. Of William’s seven

siblings, only Judith and four of his brothers survived to adulthood.


William's Father.


From baptism records, we know William's father was a John Shakespeare,

said to be a town official of Stratford and a local businessman who

dabbled in tanning, leatherwork and whittawering which is working with

white leather to make items like purses and gloves. John also dealt in

grain and sometimes was described as a glover by trade.


John was also a prominent man in Stratford. By 1560, he was one of

fourteen burgesses which formed the town council. Interestingly, William

himself is often described as a keen businessman so we can assume he got

his business acumen from his father. In the Bard's case, the apple

didn’t fall far from the tree at all...



William's mother: Mary Arden.


William's mother was Mary Arden who married John Shakespeare in 1557.

The youngest daughter in her family, she inherited much of her father’s

landowning and farming estate when he died.


Early Days on Henley Street...


Since we know Stratford's famous Bard lived with his father, John

Shakespeare, we can presume that he grew up in Henley Street, some one

hundred miles northwest of London.


The Bard's Education.


Very little is known about literature’s most famous playwright. We know

that the King’s New Grammar School taught boys basic reading and

writing. We assume William attended this school since it existed to

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