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НазваNavruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in Uzbekistan (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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конецформыначалоформыNavruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in

Navruz (also called Noruz, Nowruz, and Nawruz), the spring "New Year"
holiday, has been celebrated for more than 2,500 years, perhaps for as
long as 5,000 years. Originating in Persia and long associated with the
ancient Zoroastrian religion, its name means "new day" in Farsi because
to ancient Persians it marked the first day of the new year. On this
day, Persian kings would have worn a crown with images of the annual
solar cycle on their heads, participated in a divine mass in the Temple
of Fire, and distributed generous gifts to citizens. 

Today, Navruz is celebrated each year on March 21, when the sun enters
the sign of Aries on the astrological calendar. In the northern
hemisphere, this date frequently coincides with the spring equinox, the
day on which the number of daylight hours equals the number of nighttime
hours. On our modern Gregorian calendar, the spring equinox varies from
March 19 to March 21. Although their calendars were different, ancient
peoples followed the course of the sun and moon closely, and knew that
the seasons began to change on this date. For them, it was if the powers
of light had overcome the powers of darkness, allowing the earth to
awaken and life to be rekindled. Many of us have similar feelings today,
even though we understand the more scientific explanation: that the
northern hemisphere begins to tilt toward the sun at this date, which
results in longer and warmer days. 

As Turks and other nomadic peoples moved into Central Asia and areas
around Persia, they adopted the celebration of Navruz. Just as the Saxon
holiday of Ostara was embraced by Christianity and become Easter in the
West, Navruz traditions, which had taken strong roots in life of
Eurasian farmers and townspeople, survived the coming of Islam to the
area 1,400 years ago. Today, Navrus is celebrated widely and colorfully
in Iran, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan,
Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and the western provinces of China, as well as
by Kurds in Turkey, Syria and Iraq and by Tatars and Bashkirs in
southern Russia. In the last ten years, the Central Asian republics have
recognized Navruz as an official holiday. Its celebration is marked by
concerts in parks and squares, trade fairs and national horseracing

Celebrations of spring are a natural outgrowth of the earth fs rhythms.
In most of the Silk Road countries, Navruz announces the joyful
awakening of nature after winter and the beginning of the agricultural
cycle of cultivating, planting, and harvesting. Navruz traditions are
similar throughout the region, and have varied little over the
centuries, except to embrace Islam. Unlike the western New Year
traditions, Navruz is celebrated in daytime hours within the family
circle. March 21 is the main celebration, but for the next 13 days it is
common practice to visit friends and relatives, buy and plant seedings
of fruit trees and have cheerful gatherings in the fresh spring air.
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