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НазваNavruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in Uzbekistan (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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конецформыначалоформыNavruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in







Navruz (also called Noruz, Nowruz, and Nawruz), the spring "New Year"

holiday, has been celebrated for more than 2,500 years, perhaps for as

long as 5,000 years. Originating in Persia and long associated with the

ancient Zoroastrian religion, its name means "new day" in Farsi because

to ancient Persians it marked the first day of the new year. On this

day, Persian kings would have worn a crown with images of the annual

solar cycle on their heads, participated in a divine mass in the Temple

of Fire, and distributed generous gifts to citizens.


Today, Navruz is celebrated each year on March 21, when the sun enters

the sign of Aries on the astrological calendar. In the northern

hemisphere, this date frequently coincides with the spring equinox, the

day on which the number of daylight hours equals the number of nighttime

hours. On our modern Gregorian calendar, the spring equinox varies from

March 19 to March 21. Although their calendars were different, ancient

peoples followed the course of the sun and moon closely, and knew that

the seasons began to change on this date. For them, it was if the powers

of light had overcome the powers of darkness, allowing the earth to

awaken and life to be rekindled. Many of us have similar feelings today,

even though we understand the more scientific explanation: that the

northern hemisphere begins to tilt toward the sun at this date, which

results in longer and warmer days.


As Turks and other nomadic peoples moved into Central Asia and areas

around Persia, they adopted the celebration of Navruz. Just as the Saxon

holiday of Ostara was embraced by Christianity and become Easter in the

West, Navruz traditions, which had taken strong roots in life of

Eurasian farmers and townspeople, survived the coming of Islam to the

area 1,400 years ago. Today, Navrus is celebrated widely and colorfully

in Iran, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan,

Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and the western provinces of China, as well as

by Kurds in Turkey, Syria and Iraq and by Tatars and Bashkirs in

southern Russia. In the last ten years, the Central Asian republics have

recognized Navruz as an official holiday. Its celebration is marked by

concerts in parks and squares, trade fairs and national horseracing



Celebrations of spring are a natural outgrowth of the earth fs rhythms.

In most of the Silk Road countries, Navruz announces the joyful

awakening of nature after winter and the beginning of the agricultural

cycle of cultivating, planting, and harvesting. Navruz traditions are

similar throughout the region, and have varied little over the

centuries, except to embrace Islam. Unlike the western New Year

traditions, Navruz is celebrated in daytime hours within the family

circle. March 21 is the main celebration, but for the next 13 days it is

common practice to visit friends and relatives, buy and plant seedings

of fruit trees and have cheerful gatherings in the fresh spring air.

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