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: 2016-10-24
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Thomas Gainsborough ()
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Thomas Gainsborough


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 2006.Contents

I Summary..3

ii   TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u    HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264279"  Childhood
and youth

a)The family of the artist

b)Apprenticeship in London

c)The first essays in art


iii   HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264280"  Suffolk

a)Sudbury and Ipswich.

b)Acquaintance with Philip Thicknesse

c)The portrait of Mr and Mrs Andrews

d)The painters attitude to his pictures 

IV   HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264281"  Bath and fashion	10 

a)Coming to Bath

b)The artist's personality and interests

c)Gainsborough's love for theatre

d)Portraits: "The Blue Boy"

e)The foundation of The Royal Academy. "Viscount Kilmorey", "Lady

V   HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264282"  London	13 

a)Arrival at London. New commissions

b)"Mrs Graham", "Lady Sheridan", "Mrs Robinson","Mrs Siddons"

c)"The Morning Walk"

VI    HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264283"  The later landscapes	16 

a)The painter's first love for landscapes

b)"The Harvest Wagon"

c)Experiments with transparencies

VII    HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264284"  Conclusion: Thomas Gainsborough in
British art	17 

VIII THE LIST OF   HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264285"  Literature	19 


Thomas Gainsborough is by general consent one of the most delightful,
spontaneous and naturally gifted of all English painters and
draughtsmen. He was an interesting person, inconsistent, impulsive, and
easily touched. The painter preferred the companionship of fellow
artists, musicians and actors. There was a combination of excitability
and bohemianism on the one hand and practical good sense on the other
hand in him.

He was born in 1727 in the small market town of Sudbury in Suffolk. In
1740, when he was only 13, Gainsborough set out for London, and lodged
in the house of a silversmith. Thomas soon made acquaintance of
Gravelot, an accomplished French engraver and draughtsman, who was his
first teacher.

It was in Suffolk that Gainsborough met his future wife, a beautiful
girl named Margaret Burr. The wedding took place in London in 1746. The
couple had 2 daughters.

In 1752 Gainsborough moved from Sudbury to the seaport of Ipswich. At
Ipswich the painter met his first biographer and best friend, Philip
Thicknesse. Gainsborough attracted Thicknesse by the originality of his
works, which lay in the fact that he unconsciously flouted the fashions
of the day and found his inspiration in the work of the Dutch realistic
painters. His 1st landscapes were the View of the Charterhouse, the
Cornard Wood, Landguard Fort etc (about 1752).

Gainsborough had to paint portraits to make a living. His portraits show
a keen understanding of human nature as well as of wild nature. He did
not use landscape as a background to set off the figures, but as an
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