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Thomas Gainsborough ()
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Thomas Gainsborough




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2006. Contents


I Summary..3


ii TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264279" Childhood

and youth




a)The family of the artist


b)Apprenticeship in London


c)The first essays in art




iii HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264280" Suffolk



a)Sudbury and Ipswich.


b)Acquaintance with Philip Thicknesse


c)The portrait of Mr and Mrs Andrews


d)The painters attitude to his pictures


IV HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264281" Bath and fashion 10


a)Coming to Bath


b)The artist's personality and interests


c)Gainsborough's love for theatre


d)Portraits: "The Blue Boy"


e)The foundation of The Royal Academy. "Viscount Kilmorey", "Lady



V HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264282" London 13


a)Arrival at London. New commissions


b)"Mrs Graham", "Lady Sheridan", "Mrs Robinson","Mrs Siddons"


c)"The Morning Walk"


VI HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264283" The later landscapes 16


a)The painter's first love for landscapes


b)"The Harvest Wagon"


c)Experiments with transparencies


VII HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264284" Conclusion: Thomas Gainsborough in

British art 17


VIII THE LIST OF HYPERLINK \l "_Toc134264285" Literature 19




Thomas Gainsborough is by general consent one of the most delightful,

spontaneous and naturally gifted of all English painters and

draughtsmen. He was an interesting person, inconsistent, impulsive, and

easily touched. The painter preferred the companionship of fellow

artists, musicians and actors. There was a combination of excitability

and bohemianism on the one hand and practical good sense on the other

hand in him.


He was born in 1727 in the small market town of Sudbury in Suffolk. In

1740, when he was only 13, Gainsborough set out for London, and lodged

in the house of a silversmith. Thomas soon made acquaintance of

Gravelot, an accomplished French engraver and draughtsman, who was his

first teacher.


It was in Suffolk that Gainsborough met his future wife, a beautiful

girl named Margaret Burr. The wedding took place in London in 1746. The

couple had 2 daughters.


In 1752 Gainsborough moved from Sudbury to the seaport of Ipswich. At

Ipswich the painter met his first biographer and best friend, Philip

Thicknesse. Gainsborough attracted Thicknesse by the originality of his

works, which lay in the fact that he unconsciously flouted the fashions

of the day and found his inspiration in the work of the Dutch realistic

painters. His 1st landscapes were the View of the Charterhouse, the

Cornard Wood, Landguard Fort etc (about 1752).


Gainsborough had to paint portraits to make a living. His portraits show

a keen understanding of human nature as well as of wild nature. He did

not use landscape as a background to set off the figures, but as an

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