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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKonstantin Eduardovitch Tsiolkovsky (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The life of Konstantin Eduardovitch Tsiolkovsky


"The Earth is the cradle of the mind, but we cannot live forever in a
cradle". - (Konstantin E. Tsiolkovsky-Kaluga,1911. From a letter.)

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was a true visionary and pioneer of astronautics.
He theorized many aspects of human space travel and rocket propulsion
decades before others, and played an important role in the development
of the Soviet and Russian space programs.

He was born on September 17,1857, in the village of Ijevskoe, Ryasan
Province, Russia, the son a a Polish forester who had emigrated to
Russia. He was not from a rich family, but a very large one; Konstantin
Tsiolkovsky had 17 brothers and sisters. At the age of 10 he lost his
hearing as the result of scarlet fever. After that he couldn't attend
school, and he never recieved any formal education. The knowledge and
education he attained were acheived by himself. His books were his
teachers, and he read every book in his father's library. Tsiolkovsky
later remembered that his hearing loss influenced greatly his future
life: during all his life he tried to prove to himself and to others
that he was better and more clever than others, even with his

In 1873-1876 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky lived in Moscow. During this time he
visited the main Moscow libraries, among them the well known Pashkov
House Library. It was in this fashion that he received his
self-education. While in Moscow, Tsiolkovsky was tutored by the
eccentric and brilliant Russian philosopher Nikolai Fedorovitch Fedorov,
who was working in a Moscow library at the time. Fedorov was a leading
proponent of Russian Cosmism, and gave Tsiolkovsky a place to work in
the library. In many ways, he took the place of the university lecturers
that Tsiolkovsky never had access to. At the age of17, while living in
Moscow, he first dreamed about the possibility of space flight. He was,
in part, inspired by the novels of Jules Verne. Since that time he
started to think about the problems of space vehicle design. His great
purpose was not simply to go into outer space, but to live in space, for
humainity to become a space civilization.

In 1876-1879, after his coming back to his father's home, he lived in
Vyatka and Ryasan. After passing his exams, he recieved his Teacher's
Certificate, and went to work as a math teacher in Borovsk, Kaluga

In 1880-1892 Tsiolkovsky lived in Borovsk and worked as a teacher. At
that time he began his scientific research in air baloon building, life
in free space, aerodynamics and philosophy. It was also at that time
that he married. His wife, Barbara E. Sokolova, was the daughter of the
local preacher. Together, they had 3 daughters and 4 sons.

In 1892-1935 he lived and worked in Kaluga. His moving to Kaluga was the
result of a teaching promotion. He lived in the house that is now a part
of the museum complex with his family from the year 1904 until his death
in 1935. It was here in Kaluga that he became a well known scientist,
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