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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKonstantin Eduardovitch Tsiolkovsky (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The life of Konstantin Eduardovitch Tsiolkovsky




"The Earth is the cradle of the mind, but we cannot live forever in a

cradle". - (Konstantin E. Tsiolkovsky-Kaluga,1911. From a letter.)


Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was a true visionary and pioneer of astronautics.

He theorized many aspects of human space travel and rocket propulsion

decades before others, and played an important role in the development

of the Soviet and Russian space programs.


He was born on September 17,1857, in the village of Ijevskoe, Ryasan

Province, Russia, the son a a Polish forester who had emigrated to

Russia. He was not from a rich family, but a very large one; Konstantin

Tsiolkovsky had 17 brothers and sisters. At the age of 10 he lost his

hearing as the result of scarlet fever. After that he couldn't attend

school, and he never recieved any formal education. The knowledge and

education he attained were acheived by himself. His books were his

teachers, and he read every book in his father's library. Tsiolkovsky

later remembered that his hearing loss influenced greatly his future

life: during all his life he tried to prove to himself and to others

that he was better and more clever than others, even with his



In 1873-1876 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky lived in Moscow. During this time he

visited the main Moscow libraries, among them the well known Pashkov

House Library. It was in this fashion that he received his

self-education. While in Moscow, Tsiolkovsky was tutored by the

eccentric and brilliant Russian philosopher Nikolai Fedorovitch Fedorov,

who was working in a Moscow library at the time. Fedorov was a leading

proponent of Russian Cosmism, and gave Tsiolkovsky a place to work in

the library. In many ways, he took the place of the university lecturers

that Tsiolkovsky never had access to. At the age of17, while living in

Moscow, he first dreamed about the possibility of space flight. He was,

in part, inspired by the novels of Jules Verne. Since that time he

started to think about the problems of space vehicle design. His great

purpose was not simply to go into outer space, but to live in space, for

humainity to become a space civilization.


In 1876-1879, after his coming back to his father's home, he lived in

Vyatka and Ryasan. After passing his exams, he recieved his Teacher's

Certificate, and went to work as a math teacher in Borovsk, Kaluga



In 1880-1892 Tsiolkovsky lived in Borovsk and worked as a teacher. At

that time he began his scientific research in air baloon building, life

in free space, aerodynamics and philosophy. It was also at that time

that he married. His wife, Barbara E. Sokolova, was the daughter of the

local preacher. Together, they had 3 daughters and 4 sons.


In 1892-1935 he lived and worked in Kaluga. His moving to Kaluga was the

result of a teaching promotion. He lived in the house that is now a part

of the museum complex with his family from the year 1904 until his death

in 1935. It was here in Kaluga that he became a well known scientist,

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