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НазваHosny Mubarak (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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(birth 05.04.1928)


For years of board Mubarak has recommended itself, if not as the big

statesman, that, at least, as the sincere and reliable Arabian head. Can

solve numerous problems of the country, he, nevertheless, uses the best

efforts to prevent degradation.




Ten centimeters! Such distance separated vice-president Hosni

Mubaraka from death October, 6-th, 1981 when during military parade was

killed (more precisely to tell - Egyptian president Anvar Sadat is



He till now hears singing the bullets flying around of him. Remembers

that instant when one of aggressors has shouted to him: " Stand aside!

You are necessary for us not, the Pharaon is necessary for us! " Sees

Sadat, laying in a pool of blood...


In the evening of the same day, shocked, but safe, Mubarak officially

has informed compatriots on death of the head of the state. In one week

he became the president of Egypt. In that year to him it was executed 53

years and he, apparently, was rather pleased with the role of

vice-president. But...


April, 15, 1975 Sadat has appointed the 47-years commander of Air

Forces Hosny Mubarak vice-president.


- I have chosen him for loyalty and reliability, - he has explained the

step some weeks after.


Hardly later, speaking about Mubarak, the Egyptian president will

note his such qualities, as persistence, fidelity and competence.


Wife of Sadat - Djihan which by then had already sufficient influence

on the husband, has agreed with this choice. She, on an own recognition,

found Mubarak" deprived any ambitions to remain devoted to his spouse ".



Itself Mubarak, as he said, was surprised and puzzled, when Sadat as

caused him and has offered a post of vice-president. Him career

political or the statesman as he secretly dreamed become the chief of

the Joint Staff of the Egyptian army never interested.


It is necessary to tell, that so unexpected choice has thrown into

confusion also his nearest environment. However, soon the reasons of

this step of steel are clear: the president wanted to get support of

militarians. It was found out also, that a choice of the Egyptian leader

has affected, as spoke in retinue Sadat, "unity of sights on

rapproachement of Cairo with Washington "and an allergy" to Soviet Union

which suffered both that, and another.


Anyway, Mohammed Hosny Seid Mubarak (his full name is those) became

the second person in Egypt, right hand of Sadat, his shadow. Before it

he has made an outstanding career of the professional militarian.


The Future president was born May, 4-th, 1928 in Egyptian country -

in small village Kafr an ale - Musyl'ha (province Manufia), in delta of

Nile. His father owned a small site of the ground and simultaneously

worked in legal management of a province.


Hosny it was brought up not in luxury. His friends and schoolmates were

children of fellah. Probably, it the openness and simplicity of the

president speak.


He studied persistently, and after leaving school parents advised him to

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