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НазваThe government of the United States (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Kyrgyz State National University




Ilebaev Emil	

Kasymov Maksat_________	

Bishkek 2001


In July 1780 France's Louis XVI had sent to America an expeditionary
force of 6,000 men under the Comte Jean de Rochambeau. In addition, the
French fleet harassed British shipping and prevented reinforcement and
resuppi^ of British forces in Virginia by a British fleet sailing from
New York City. French and American armies and navies, totaling 18,000
men, parried with Cornwallis all through the summer and into the fall.
Finally, on October 19, 17B1, after being trapped at Yorktown near the
mouth of Chesa-peake Bay, Cornwallis surrendered his army of 8,000
British soldiers.

Although Cornwallis's defeat did not immediately end the war — which
would drag on inconclusively for almost two more years — a new British
government decided to pursue peace negotiations in Paris in early 1782,
with the American side represented by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and
John Jay. On April 15, 1783, Congress approved the final treaty, and
Great Britain and its former colonies signed it on September 3. Known as
the Treaty of Paris, the peace settlement acknowledged the independence,
freedom and sovereignty of the 13 former colonies, now states, to which
Great Britain granted the territory west to the Mississippi River, north
to Canada and south to Florida, which was returned to Spain. The
fledgling colonies that Richard Henry Lee had spoken of more than seven
years before, had finally become "free and independent states." The task
of knitting together a nation yet remained.


During the war, the states had agreed to work together by sending
representatives to a national congress patterned after the "Congress of
Delegates" that conducted the war with England. It would raise money to
pay off debts of the war, establish a money system and deal with foreign
nations in making treaties. The agreement that set up this plan of
cooperation was called the Articles of Confederation. work together?
They believed that the Congress needed more power.

The plan for the government was written in very simple language in a
document called the Constitution of the United Slates. The Constitution
set up a federal system with a strong central government. A federal
system is one in which power is shared between a central authority and
its constituent parts, with some rights reserved to each. The
Constitution also called for the election of a national leader, or

Two main fears shared by most Americans: one fear was that one person or
group, including the majority, might become too powerful or be able to
seize control of the country and create a tyranny, another fear was that
the new central government might weaken or take away the power of the
state governments to run their own affairs. To deal with this the
Constitution specified exactly what power central government had and
which power was reserved for the states.
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