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НазваPublic holidays and celebrations (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Holidays and traditions in English – speaking countries.

I. Britain round the calendar.


	There are only six public holidays a year in Great Britain, that is
days on which people need not go in to work. They are: Christmas Day,
Boxing Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Spring Bank Holiday and Late
Summer Bank Holiday. In Scotland, the New Year’s Day is also a public
holiday. Most of these holidays are of religious origin, though it would
be right to say that for the greater part of the population they have
long lost their religious significance and are simply days on which
people relax, eat, drink and make merry. All the public holidays, except
Christmas Day and Boxing Day observed on December 25th and 26th
respectively, are movable, that is they do not fall on the same day each
year. Good Friday and Easter Monday depend on Easter Sunday which falls
on the first Sunday after a full moon on or after March 21st. the Spring
Bank Holiday falls on the last Monday of May or on the first Monday of
June, while the Late Summer Bank Holiday comes on the last Monday in
August or on the first Monday in September, depending on which of the
Mondays is nearer to June 1st and September 1st respectively.

Besides public holidays, there are other festivals, anniversaries and
simply days, for example Pancake Day and Bonfire Night, on which certain
traditions are observed, but unless they fall on a Sunday, they are
ordinary working days.


In England the New Year is not as widely or as enthusiastically observed
as Christmas. Some people ignore it completely and go to bed at the same
time as usual on New Year’s Eve. Many others, however, do celebration it
in one way or another, the type of celebration varying very much
according to the local custom, family traditions and personal taste. 

	The most common type of celebration is a New Year party, either a
family party or one arranged by a group of young people. This usually
begins at about eight o’clock and goes on until the early hours of the
morning. There is a lot of drinking, mainly beer, wine, gin and whisky;
sometimes the hosts make a big bowl of punch which consists of wine,
spirits, fruit juice and water in varying proportions. There is usually
a buffer of cold meat, pies, sandwiches, savouries, cakes and biscuits.
At midnight the wireless is turned on, so that everyone can hear the
chimes of Big Ben, and on the hour a toast is drunk to the New Year.
Then the party goes on.

	Another popular way of celebrating the New Year is to go to a New
Year’s dance. Most hotels and dance halls hold a special dance on New
Year’s Eve. The hall is decorated, there are several different bands and
the atmosphere is very gay.

	The most famous celebration is in London round the statue of Eros in
Piccadilly Circus where crowds gather and sing and welcome the New Year.

Holidays and traditions in English – speaking countries.

Trafalgar Square there is also a big crowd and someone usually falls
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