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НазваPublic holidays and celebrations (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Holidays and traditions in English – speaking countries.


I. Britain round the calendar.




There are only six public holidays a year in Great Britain, that is

days on which people need not go in to work. They are: Christmas Day,

Boxing Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Spring Bank Holiday and Late

Summer Bank Holiday. In Scotland, the New Year’s Day is also a public

holiday. Most of these holidays are of religious origin, though it would

be right to say that for the greater part of the population they have

long lost their religious significance and are simply days on which

people relax, eat, drink and make merry. All the public holidays, except

Christmas Day and Boxing Day observed on December 25th and 26th

respectively, are movable, that is they do not fall on the same day each

year. Good Friday and Easter Monday depend on Easter Sunday which falls

on the first Sunday after a full moon on or after March 21st. the Spring

Bank Holiday falls on the last Monday of May or on the first Monday of

June, while the Late Summer Bank Holiday comes on the last Monday in

August or on the first Monday in September, depending on which of the

Mondays is nearer to June 1st and September 1st respectively.


Besides public holidays, there are other festivals, anniversaries and

simply days, for example Pancake Day and Bonfire Night, on which certain

traditions are observed, but unless they fall on a Sunday, they are

ordinary working days.




In England the New Year is not as widely or as enthusiastically observed

as Christmas. Some people ignore it completely and go to bed at the same

time as usual on New Year’s Eve. Many others, however, do celebration it

in one way or another, the type of celebration varying very much

according to the local custom, family traditions and personal taste.


The most common type of celebration is a New Year party, either a

family party or one arranged by a group of young people. This usually

begins at about eight o’clock and goes on until the early hours of the

morning. There is a lot of drinking, mainly beer, wine, gin and whisky;

sometimes the hosts make a big bowl of punch which consists of wine,

spirits, fruit juice and water in varying proportions. There is usually

a buffer of cold meat, pies, sandwiches, savouries, cakes and biscuits.

At midnight the wireless is turned on, so that everyone can hear the

chimes of Big Ben, and on the hour a toast is drunk to the New Year.

Then the party goes on.


Another popular way of celebrating the New Year is to go to a New

Year’s dance. Most hotels and dance halls hold a special dance on New

Year’s Eve. The hall is decorated, there are several different bands and

the atmosphere is very gay.


The most famous celebration is in London round the statue of Eros in

Piccadilly Circus where crowds gather and sing and welcome the New Year.



Holidays and traditions in English – speaking countries.


Trafalgar Square there is also a big crowd and someone usually falls

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