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НазваLooking for cultural roots of americans. (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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TEACHER’S TRAINING COLLEGE

 

OF NABEREZHNYE CHELNY

 

REPORT:

 

LOOKING FOR CULTURAL ROOTS OF AMERICANS.

 

WRITTEN BY A STUDENT

 

OF GROUP #002

 

VICTOR KOUZNETSOFF

 

 

 

NABEREZHNYE CHELNY

 

LOOKING FOR CULTURAL ROOTS.

 

All societies must provide for the basic human needs of their members.

These include food, clothing, shelter, family organization, social

organization, government, security, belief system or religion, and

education. How a society provides for these needs depends on the

geography (climate), resources, and history of the society. Different

cultural values develop in different societies because of the variations

in these factors and how the people view them.

 

In order to understand why people behave as they do, it is necessary to

look at their geographical location and the historical events that have

shaped them as a group. Because the history of the USA is rather short

(relatively to most of the world), some of these influences are fairly

easy to understand.

 

Some visitors to the USA remain permanently baffled [about America and

Americans]. With despair and accuracy they point out endless paradoxes

in the typical American. Friendly on the surface, but hard to know

intimately. Hospitable and generous socially, but hard-driving and

competitive professionally. Self-satisfied, at times, to the point of

smugness but self-critical, at other times, to the point of masochism.

And so on.

 

They find the regional diversity of Americans confusing, too. What on

earth, they ask, can a Maine lobsterman have in common with a Dallas

banker, a West Virginia coal miner, a Hollywood producer, a Montana

sheep-herder, or a black school-teacher on a South Carolina sea-island?

And they give themselves a bleak and hopeless answer; not much.

 

But that answer is almost certainly wrong; these people share the

mysterious and powerful intangible called nationality. They are all

Americans and, however faint, a common denominator is there, an almost

invisible strand woven out of common history, a common heritage and,

underneath the surface differences, a common way of looking at things.

 

People never really escape from their origins. So, to understand an

American you should focus for a moment not on the modern American, but

on his ancestor, the 17th century settler who, having survived the grim

Atlantic crossing, found himself with his back to the sea facing a vast

and hostile wilderness that had to be tamed and conquered if he was to

survive. conquer it he and his descendants did, in a struggle so epic

that its memory lingers on in countless Western movies. Many of the

basic attitudes and characteristics formed in that struggle persist in

Americans today. You may find some admirable, and others less so. The

point is, they are.

 

Everywhere he looked, that early American was surrounded by problems. To

this day, by tradition, by training – almost by instinct– Americans are

problem solvers and solution seekers. In some parts of the world,

uncomfortable or unpleasant circumstances are endured because they have

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