( реферат по английскому языку)
Студентки IV курса
Факультета иностранных языков
Полищук Валерии Сергеевны, гр.АФ 41/2
Chapter I - What is customs?
1 Red and Green Channels
2 Privatization of customs
3 Customs services by country
4 Summary of basic custom rules
Chapter II - World Customs Organization: history, instruments,
Chapter III - Regulations for the Federal Customs Service of Russia:
Chapter IV - The Concept of Development of Customs Service up to 2010
I. General Provisions
II. The Goal, Tasks and Principles of Development of Customs
III. The System of Measures for Implementation of the Concept
IV. The Directions of Customs Authorities Development
V. The Implementation of the Concept
Chapter I - What is customs?
Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for
collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow
of goods including animals, personal effects and hazardous items in and
out of a country. Depending on local legislation and regulations, the
import or export of some goods may be restricted or forbidden, and the
customs agency enforces these rules. The customs may be different from
the immigration authority, which monitors persons who leave or enter the
country, checking for appropriate documentation, apprehending people
wanted by international arrest warrants, and impeding the entry of
others deemed dangerous to the country.
A customs duty is a tariff or tax on the export of goods. In the Kingdom
of England, customs duties were typically part of the customary revenue
of the king, and therefore did not need parliamentary consent to be
levied, unlike excise duty, land tax, or other forms of taxes.
Commercial goods not yet cleared through customs are held in a customs
area, often called a bonded store, until processed. All authorized ports
are recognized customs area.
Red and Green Channels
Customs procedures for arriving passengers at many international
airports, and some road crossings, are separated into Red and Green
Channels. Passengers with goods to declare (carrying items above the
permitted customs limits and/or carrying prohibited items) should go
through the Red Channel. Passengers with nothing to declare (carrying
goods within the customs limits only and not carrying prohibited items)
can go through the Green Channel. Passengers going through the Green
Channel are only subject to spot checks and save time. But, if a
passenger going through the Green Channel is found to have goods above
the customs limits on them or carrying prohibited items, they may be
prosecuted for making a false declaration to customs, by virtue of
having gone through the Green Channel.
Canada and the United States do not operate a red and green channel
Airports within the EU also have a Blue Channel. As the EU is a customs
union, travelers between EU countries do not have to pay customs duties.
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