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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваCustoms Service (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Замовити оригінальну роботу

Customs Service

 

( реферат по английскому языку)

 

Студентки IV курса

 

Факультета иностранных языков

 

Полищук Валерии Сергеевны, гр.АФ 41/2

 

Contents

 

Chapter I - What is customs?

 

1 Red and Green Channels

 

2 Privatization of customs

 

3 Customs services by country

 

4 Summary of basic custom rules

 

Chapter II - World Customs Organization: history, instruments,

administration.

 

Chapter III - Regulations for the Federal Customs Service of Russia:

organization, management.

 

Chapter IV - The Concept of Development of Customs Service up to 2010

 

I. General Provisions

 

II. The Goal, Tasks and Principles of Development of Customs

Authorities

 

III. The System of Measures for Implementation of the Concept

 

IV. The Directions of Customs Authorities Development

 

V. The Implementation of the Concept

 

Conclusion

 

 

Chapter I - What is customs?

 

Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for

collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow

of goods including animals, personal effects and hazardous items in and

out of a country. Depending on local legislation and regulations, the

import or export of some goods may be restricted or forbidden, and the

customs agency enforces these rules. The customs may be different from

the immigration authority, which monitors persons who leave or enter the

country, checking for appropriate documentation, apprehending people

wanted by international arrest warrants, and impeding the entry of

others deemed dangerous to the country.

 

A customs duty is a tariff or tax on the export of goods. In the Kingdom

of England, customs duties were typically part of the customary revenue

of the king, and therefore did not need parliamentary consent to be

levied, unlike excise duty, land tax, or other forms of taxes.

 

Commercial goods not yet cleared through customs are held in a customs

area, often called a bonded store, until processed. All authorized ports

are recognized customs area.

 

Red and Green Channels

 

Customs procedures for arriving passengers at many international

airports, and some road crossings, are separated into Red and Green

Channels. Passengers with goods to declare (carrying items above the

permitted customs limits and/or carrying prohibited items) should go

through the Red Channel. Passengers with nothing to declare (carrying

goods within the customs limits only and not carrying prohibited items)

can go through the Green Channel. Passengers going through the Green

Channel are only subject to spot checks and save time. But, if a

passenger going through the Green Channel is found to have goods above

the customs limits on them or carrying prohibited items, they may be

prosecuted for making a false declaration to customs, by virtue of

having gone through the Green Channel.

 

Canada and the United States do not operate a red and green channel

system.

 

Airports within the EU also have a Blue Channel. As the EU is a customs

union, travelers between EU countries do not have to pay customs duties.

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