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The history of English ()
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Word Doc
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School Research Paper

 

Student:

 

Jakoubson Julia

 

Grade: 9 A

 

School 9

 

Teacher Gorbacheva M.V.

 

Kolomna 2003.

 

Contents

 

Pages

 

Introduction.3

 

I. Old English...3-17

 

a). Celtic Tribes3-4

 

b). The Romans4-10

 

c). Germanic Tribes.10-15

 

d). The Norman French..15-16

 

II. Middle English....16-19

 

III. Mordent English...20-22

 

Conclusion....22-24

 

List of Literature..26

 

Supplement...27

 

Introduction.

 

Why do people all over the world learn foreign languages? Perhaps

because the world is getting smaller, in a way: nations are more

closely linked with each other than ever before, companies operate

world-wide, scientists of different nationalities co-operate, and

tourists travel practically everywhere. The ability to communicate with

people from other countries is getting more and more important. And

learning foreign languages broadens your horizons, too!

 

Before learners of a foreign language are able to communicate, they have

to acquire many skills. They must learn to produce unfamiliar sounds.

They must build up a vocabulary. They must learn grammar rules and how

to use them. And, last but not least, they must develop listening,

speaking, reading and writing skills and learn how to react in a variety

of situations.

 

All people like to travel. Some travel around their own country, others

travel abroad. Some like to travel into the future, others prefer to

travel into the past. While I was working out my research paper and

reading many books on English history, I had an exciting trip into a

remote past. It was a fantastical journey our Imaginary Time Machine and

a Magic Wand. The Time Machine took me into the depth of the centuries,

into the very early history of Britain. I waved the Magic Wand and the

words began to talk, they disclosed to me their mysteries, I discovered

secrets hidden in familiar things. In other words, you will be a witness

of making of English.

 

Old English. (450-1100)

 

a). Celtic tribes.

 

Make a first turn of the Time Machine and you will find yourself on the

British Isles in the time of the ancient inhabitants, the Celts. The

Celts were natives of the British Isles long before the English. The

Celts had their language, which is still spoken by the people living in

the part of Britain known as Wales. And though many changes happened on

the British Isles, some Celtic words are still used in the English

language.

 

Two thousand years ago there was an Iron Age Celtic culture throughout

the British Isles. It seems that the Celts, who had been arriving from

Europe from the eighth century BC onwards, intermingled with the peoples

who were already there. We know that religious sites that had been built

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