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НазваFinancial Law Report “The Tax Law” (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Financial Law

Report “The Tax Law”

Student: Julia Efimova

Academy supervisors: Ekaterina Vladimirovna Bagreeva

Per Oyvind Berg-Knutsen

Moscow 2006

Contents  TOC \o "1-2" \h \z \u  

  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc128912318"  Introduction	  PAGEREF _Toc128912318 \h 

  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc128912319"  1) Taxes and the Tax Law	  PAGEREF
_Toc128912319 \h  4  

  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc128912320"  1) Taxes and the Tax Law	  PAGEREF
_Toc128912320 \h  4  

  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc128912321"  2) Taxpayers	  PAGEREF _Toc128912321 \h 

  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc128912322"  3) Tax authorities	  PAGEREF
_Toc128912322 \h  9  

  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc128912323"  4) Tax offences	  PAGEREF _Toc128912323
\h  10  

  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc128912324"  4.1) Court Proceeding in a tax offence
case	  PAGEREF _Toc128912324 \h  11  

  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc128912325"  Conclusion	  PAGEREF _Toc128912325 \h 

  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc128912326"  Bibliography:	  PAGEREF _Toc128912326 \h


Among economic instruments, by means of which the state influences
market economy, taxes play the important role. In conditions of market
economy any state widely uses a tax policy as the certain regulator of
influence on the negative phenomena of the market. Taxes, as well as all
tax system, are the powerful tool of management of economy in conditions
of the market.  

The use of the taxes is one of the economical methods of government and
maintenance of interconnection of the interests of the State with
individual persons, commercial organizations forms of ownership and
organizational - the legal form of the enterprise. By means of taxes
mutual relations of businessmen, the enterprises of all forms of
ownership with the state and local budgets, with banks, and also with
the higher organizations are defined.

 1) Taxes and the Tax Law

A tax is a compulsory charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a
legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e.g.,
tribes, secessionist movements or revolutionary movements). Taxes could
also be imposed by a sub national entity.

A tax shall be defined as an obligatory and individually non-refundable
payment collected from organisations and individuals in the form of
alienation of money resources owned by them by right of ownership,
economic jurisdiction or operational management for purposes of
financing the activity of the state and/or municipalities.

Taxes play the most important role of the state revenue. In 2002 the
taxes made up 81,21%  of the profitable part of the federal budget.

Tax law is the codified system of financial laws that describes
government levies (taxes) on economic transactions. The tax law
represents a branch of legal system of the Russian Federation which
regulates public relations in the sphere of the taxation, which means
the relations in connection with the realization of taxation and other
obligatory payments, the organization and functioning of the system of
tax regulation and the tax control over the all levels of the government
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