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The Church of England ()
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Word Doc
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The Church of England

 

, 2002

 

The Church of England

 

Content:

 

Introduction ..3

 

History of the Church of England

 

Status of Church in England up to 1530 ..4

 

Reformation of Church 4

 

Henry VII.4

 

Edward VI6

 

Mary I...6

 

Elizabeth I7

 

Charles II..8

 

Victoria .8

 

II. The Church of England today..9

 

The essence of being an Anglican..9

 

Organisation of the Church of England .11

 

Church of England becomes an International Church...12

 

Conclusions.13

 

Bibliography.14

 

Introduction

 

Everything in this life has its own history, especially Religion, as it

is a great institution. With the development of history of a particular

country, there will always be development of Religion, since the Church

is an integral part of State System. Heathenism, Orthodoxy, Judaism

etc.. They have been living for centuries. And some of them were

changed, penetrated each other or reformed dramatically.

 

England was not exception.

 

The English are not a deeply religious race. Hundreds of years ago they

decided that Roman Catholicism with its teachings about original sin and

the unworthiness of the human race could not really have been meant for

them. So they designed a Church of their own the Church of England.

 

The English Reformation was a result of the chain of events that

eventually altered England and Englishness forever. So much in history

is a bastard child of both long-standing, simmering emotion and the

opportunistic seizing of a moment. By its nature unexpected, it is also

unpredictable, and shaped as much by environment and chance as by its

progenitors. The Reformation was no different. It was going on through

the ages and reigns.

 

 

I. History of the Church of England

 

1. Status of Church in England up to 1530

 

Until 1054 there was only one Christian Church - the Catholic Church.

Its leadership was centered in five great Patriarchates -- Jerusalem,

Antioch, Alexandria and Constantinople in the East and Rome in the West.

After the Roman Empire became Christian some bishops increasingly became

involved in political matters, and the bishops of Rome in particular

began to claim power over the whole Church. This led to a tragic

division in the Church, the "Great Schism" of 1054, when it split into

the "Orthodox" East and the "Roman Catholic" West.

 

Not directly involved in that split was the Church in England, which the

Bishops of Rome were determined to claim - especially after 1061, when a

rival Papacy in Lombardy claimed allegiance from the See of Canterbury.

In 1066, the Duke of Normandy (William "the Conqueror"), with the

support and formal blessing of Pope Alexander II, invaded England. After

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