найбільша колекція україномовних рефератів

Всього в базі: 75765
останнє поновлення: 2016-10-23
за 7 днів додано 10

Реферати на українській
Реферати на російській
Українські підручники

$ Робота на замовлення
Реклама на сайті
Зворотній зв'язок


реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваThe Tower Of London (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
Замовити оригінальну роботу
Реферат по английскому языку

На тему «The Tower Of London»

Студента 103 группы I курса факультета Социологии 

Варнавского Евгения


The Development of the Tower

The Normans

The Medieval Tower

The Tower in Tudor Times

The Restoration and After

The Tower in the 19th Century

The 20th Century

The Tower of London

The History of the Tower of London

Fortress, Palace and Prison

This short history of the Tower of London charts the different stages of
its development. Throughout its history, the Tower has attracted a
number of important functions and its role as armoury, royal palace,
prison and fortress is explained, as well as its modern role as tourist
attraction and home to a thriving community. 

The development of the Tower

The Tower of London was begun in the reign of William the Conqueror
(1066-1087) and remained unchanged for over a century. Then, between
1190 and 1285, the White Tower was encircled by two towered curtain
walls and a great moat. The only important enlargement of the Tower
after that time was the building of the Wharf in the 14th century. Today
the medieval defences remain relatively unchanged. 

The Normans 

Westm PRIVATE Castle building was an essential part of the Norman
Conquest: when Duke William of Normandy invaded England in 1066 his
first action after landing at Pevensey on 28 September had been to
improvise a castle, and when he moved to Hastings two days later he
built another. Over the next few years William and his supporters were
engaged in building hundreds more, first to conquer, then subdue and
finally to colonise the whole of England. 

By the end of the Anglo-Saxon period London had become the most powerful
city in England, with a rich port, a nearby royal palace and an
important cathedral. It was via London that King Harold II (1066) and
his army sped south to meet William, and to London which the defeated
rabble of the English army returned from the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
Securing the City was therefore of the utmost importance to William. His
contemporary biographer William of Poitiers tells us that after
receiving the submission of the English magnates at Little
Berkhampstead, William sent an advance guard into London to construct a
castle and prepare for his triumphal entry. He also tells us that, after
his coronation in inster Abbey on Christmas Day 1066, the new King
withdrew to Barking (in Essex) 

‘while certain fortifications were completed in the city against the
restlessness of the vast and fierce populace for he realised that it was
of the first importance to overawe the Londoners.

These fortifications may have included Baynard’s Castle built in the
south-west angle of the City (near Blackfriars) and the castle of
Monfichet (near Ludgate Circus) and almost certainly the future Tower of
London. Initially the Tower had consisted of a modest enclosure built
into the south-east corner of the Roman City walls, but by the late
1070s, with the initial completion of the White Tower, it had become the
-----> Page: 
0 [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

© UKRREFERAT.COM 2000-2016

Друзі: Картинки, Приколы, Истории в ibigdan!