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НазваCustoms and traditions of Great Britain (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Customs and traditions of Great Britain

 

Every nation and every country has its own traditions and customs.

Traditions make a nation special. Some of them are old-fashioned and

many people remember them, others are part of people’s life. Some

British customs and traditions are known all over the world: bowler

hats, tea and talking about the wether.

 

Englishmen have many traditional holidays, such as Christmas, St.

Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, Easter and others.

 

Britain is full of customs and traditions. A lot of them have very long

histories. Some are funny and some are strange. But they are all

interesting. There is the long menu of traditional British food. There

are many royal occasions. There are songs, saying and superstitions.

They are all part of the British way of life.

 

We can classify English traditions into several groups: traditions

concerning the Englishmen’s private life (child’s birth, wedding,

marriage, wedding anniversary), which are connected with families

incomes; state traditions; national holidays, religious holidays, public

festival, traditional ceremonies.

 

Here are some of them.

 

Holidays

 

Christmas

 

It is certain that Christmas is celebrated all over the world. Perhaps

no other holiday has developed a set of customs and symbols. This is the

day when many people are travelling home to be with their famillies on

Christmas Day, 25th December. The Christmas story comes from bible. An

angel appeared to shepherds and told them that a Savior had been born to

Mary and Joseph in a stable in Bethlehem. Three Wise Men from the East

followed a wondrous star which led them to the baby Jesus to whome they

paid homage and presented gifts of gold, frankicense and myrrh. To

people all over the world, Christmas is a season of giving and receiving

presents. In Scandinavian and other European countries, Father

Christmas, or Saint Nicholas, comes into house at night and leaves gifts

for the children. Saint Nicholas is represented as a fidly man with a

red cloak and long white beard. He visited house and left giftes,

dringing people happiness in the coldest months of the year. Another

character, the Norse God Odin, rode on a magical flying horse across the

ages to make the present day Santa Claus.

 

For most British families, this is the most important festival of the

year, it combines the Christian celebration or the birth of Christ with

the traditional festivities of winter. On the Sunday before Christmas

many churches hold a carol service where special hymns are sung.

Sometimes carol-singers can be heard on the streets as they collect

money for charity. Most families decorate their houses with

brightly-coloured paper or holly, and they usually have a Christmas tree

in the corner or the front foom, glittering with coloured lights and

decorations. The Christmas tree was popularized by Prince Albert,

husband of Queen Victoria, who introduced one to the Royal Household in

1840. Since 1947, the country of Norway has presented Britain annually

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