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НазваCentral Intelligence Agency (CIA) (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)


Chapter 1 Introduction


Exploration - a historical phenomenon. As craft, it is perhaps not the

oldest, but surely the second. The variety of views of various

historians on the social nature of intelligence and espionage combines

them into one - they all agree on the fact that the secret services are

at least 33 centuries. More precisely, they were born when the war

began. In any military conflict, whether primitive slaughter or the

Second World War, in varying degrees, of course, there is a tactical

ruse, calculated to deceive the enemy. But in order to deceive and

defeat the enemy, you need to know it. As a historical phenomenon,

intelligence and espionage, as well as the war in different times takes

different forms. Types and characters of scouts and spies change their

color depending on the social and political system which they serve.

History piled century in his piggy bank. In place of one of the

formations came others, and the time changed the very concept of the

secret service, and with it the essence of military and state secrets.

Transformed and society's attitude to those who devoted his life to a

dangerous profession. On the one hand, Noah, they were regarded as

heroes of the invisible front, on the other - as despicable mercenaries.

For centuries the word "intelligence" has been shrouded in reverence and

deep respect, and the word "spy" was uttered with contempt and disgust.

In the explanatory dictionary by Vladimir Dal: "Spy - the spy, spy,

hidden spy, and a carrier ... Spy - soglyadat, lazutnichat, pry, listen,

call that on the one hand, and send the opposite; serve as scout ... But

Vladimir Dahl admits that "spying in wartime is allowed ...


Chapter 2 History of the Foreign Intelligence


Any State, as the organization of political power, as the unit of

society, needs a mechanism which would protect it from encroachment on

its sovereignty, integrity and power.


The most important part of this mechanism is intelligence.


Reconnaissance activities is to collect and analyze information about

the alleged internal and external threats to the state and society, as

well as in activities to prevent and eliminate these threats.


History of U.S. foreign intelligence began during the Second World War.

According to Kim Philby, to this "secret information from other

countries come in limited quantities as a result of" extraordinary

"actions of American military attaches and diplomats."


In New York in 1940 was British focal point for the security of American

supplies to Britain. William Stephenson, head of the organization, gave

the main force in persuading Americans of the need to create your own

intelligence service. He attracted interest in this from President

Roosevelt. In 1942 it established the Office of Strategic Services

(OSS), headed by General Donovan. At this time, involving close

cooperation with British intelligence.


SSA was originally established as a research and analysis organization.

Subsequently, it was to the same task to plan and carry out special

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