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Alaskas Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction ()
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Word Doc
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FAR-EASTEN STATE TRANSPORT

 

UNIVERSITY

 

Foreign language department

 

RESEARCH PAPER

 

Alaskas Wildlife: on the Verge of

 

Extinction

 

Done by:

 

 

Checked by:

 

Khabarovsk

 

2001

 

PLAN:

 

Wildlife Species4

 

Wildlife Problems7

 

Wildlife Center.9

 

Bibliography....11

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Alaskas mountains rise like walls; four seas and unimaginable

distances form a mighty moat; and a patchwork of national parks and

wildlife refuges protects more than a third of the state. Its a

fortress for wildlife.

 

Shielded from civilization, bears, wolves, moose, and caribou cast their

huge shadows from coast to coast, and musk oxen travel the far north

like refugees of the last ice age. Migratory birds flock river deltas

each summer, and raptors prowl Alaskan skies year-round.

 

As with any fortress, wild Alaskas perimeter is especially vulnerable.

Tankers laden with oil from bays and coastal wetlands skirt the

seaboard. Though now protected, endangered whales resist to rebuild

their populations. Like sea lions and other marine mammals, they now

must compete with massive trawlersfloating factoriesfor the seas

falling harvest.

 

In this research paper I would like to investigate extinction problem.

Many facts I have found show that this problem is very urgent. I am not

sure that everybody understands it but if more people realize this many

problems will be solved.

 

ALASKA SPECIES

 

Wildlife can be found everywhere in Alaska, from cities where moose,

bears and wolves roam to more than 18 million acres designated by

Congress as wilderness areas as part of the National Wilderness

Preservation System. However, most refuges in Alaska require travel via

air transport, making them difficult and expensive to reach.

 

Many species in Alaska such as black and brown bears, wolves, moose and

many others are on the verge of Extinction. They are interesting in

their own way. So, lets learn about them more than we do.

 

Black bears are usually smaller than brown bears. They can look alike,

but there are several ways you can tell the bears apart. Black bears

don't have a shoulder hump like brown bears. Black bears also have a

straight face, compared to the brown bear's bowl-shaped face. Their paws

are different too. Black bears' claws are short and curved and brown

bears have longer, straighter claws. Black bears have been known to live

in every state, except Hawaii. They can be found in most forested areas

in Alaska.

 

Like brown bears, black bears hibernate in the winter. They start

hibernating in the fall and come out of their dens in the spring. Their

dens are found in hollow trees or rocks. They also build dens on the

ground. A person may walk right over a bear den and not even know it,

unless the bear wakes up, of course.

 

Moose like bears can be brown or black but they have longer legs and

larger body than bears do. Alaska is full of moose. In Anchorage, you

have a good chance of spotting a moose on the Coastal Trail or in

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