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НазваThe diabetic diet (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Abstract on English by Kuranov Alina Olegovna – a student of Essentuki

medical college group № 261.






Diabetes Mellitus (when the term diabetes is used alone, it always

refers to diabetes mellitus) is a condition in which the body is unable

to use sugar properly. Sugar (carbohydrate) is the substance our body

uses as its major source of energy. Once this sugar is absorbed in the

blood, it is referred to as blood sugar or blood glucose.   Insulin (a

hormone made in the pancreas that regulates the blood sugar) is either

missing or deficient. As a result, the body cannot use energy nutrients

(carbohydrates, fat, protein) effectively and the cells of the body

"starve". The sugar in the blood may rise to high levels instead of

being used for energy.  Blood sugar is excreted through urine, which

makes extra work for the kidneys causing frequent urination and

excessive thirst.




Diet, exercise and medication are important factors that must be

coordinated for diabetes to be kept in control. Medication is not used

to treat all cases of diabetes. Medication when used can either be in

the form of a pill (oral hypoglycemic agents) or insulin, which must be

injected. Diet, exercise and medication all affect treatment but unless

the diet plan is followed carefully no method of treatment will be

effective. By eating the right foods in the right amounts diet can

actually help control the basic problem of diabetes.


According to Control Your Diabetes Education Program for Life, a program

sponsored by the National Diabetes Education Program, people who take

control of diabetes will, in the short run, feel better, have more

energy, and prevent the following signs and symptoms of high blood

sugar: thirst, fatigue, frequent urination, weight loss, blurred vision,

and slow healing of cuts and bruises.  In the long run, they decrease

their chances of developing eye disease, kidney disease, and nerve

damage, and add years to their lives.




Purpose: The diabetic diet is designed to achieve and maintain desirable

body weight and near normal blood glucose levels, reduce hyperglycemia,

glycosuria, and associated symptoms of diabetes in order to minimize the

complications frequently associated with this disease.


Use: It is used for the person with either insulin-dependent diabetes

mellitus or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The

calorie-controlled diet may be adapted for weight reduction and weight



The calorie level prescribed for the diabetic is based on whether the

person needs to lose or gain weight or simply maintain the present

weight. The calorie level specified is determined from the height, body

build, ideal weight and physical activity level.


General Guidelines for the Diabetic Diet.




ed%20Sweet%20Food%20List.htm" concentrated sources of carbohydrates

(sugars) such as table sugar, honey, jelly, jam, molasses, syrup, corn

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