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НазваThe diabetic diet (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Abstract on English by  Kuranov Alina Olegovna – a student of  Essentuki
medical college group № 261.



Diabetes Mellitus (when the term diabetes is used alone, it always
refers to diabetes mellitus) is a condition in which the body is unable
to use sugar properly. Sugar (carbohydrate) is the substance our body
uses as its major source of energy. Once this sugar is absorbed in the
blood, it is referred to as blood sugar or blood glucose.   Insulin (a
hormone made in the pancreas that regulates the blood sugar) is either
missing or deficient. As a result, the body cannot use energy nutrients
(carbohydrates, fat, protein) effectively and the cells of the body
"starve". The sugar in the blood may rise to high levels instead of
being used for energy.  Blood sugar is excreted through urine, which
makes extra work for the kidneys causing frequent urination and
excessive thirst.


Diet, exercise and medication are important factors that must be
coordinated for diabetes to be kept in control. Medication is not used
to treat all cases of diabetes. Medication when used can either be in
the form of a pill (oral hypoglycemic agents) or insulin, which must be
injected. Diet, exercise and medication all affect treatment but unless
the diet plan is followed carefully no method of treatment will be
effective. By eating the right foods in the right amounts diet can
actually help control the basic problem of diabetes.

According to Control Your Diabetes Education Program for Life, a program
sponsored by the National Diabetes Education Program, people who take
control of diabetes will, in the short run, feel better, have more
energy, and prevent the following signs and symptoms of high blood
sugar: thirst, fatigue, frequent urination, weight loss, blurred vision,
and slow healing of cuts and bruises.  In the long run, they decrease
their chances of developing eye disease, kidney disease, and nerve
damage, and add years to their lives.


Purpose: The diabetic diet is designed to achieve and maintain desirable
body weight and near normal blood glucose levels, reduce hyperglycemia,
glycosuria, and associated symptoms of diabetes in order to minimize the
complications frequently associated with this disease.

Use: It is used for the person with either insulin-dependent diabetes
mellitus or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The
calorie-controlled diet may be adapted for weight reduction and weight

The calorie level prescribed for the diabetic is based on whether the
person needs to lose or gain weight or simply maintain the present
weight. The calorie level specified is determined from the height, body
build, ideal weight and physical activity level.

General Guidelines for the Diabetic Diet. 

ed%20Sweet%20Food%20List.htm"  concentrated sources of carbohydrates 
(sugars) such as table sugar, honey, jelly, jam, molasses, syrup, corn
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