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НазваFarid Gazizov Impact of Evolution on Human Thought Evolution
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Farid Gazizov

 

Impact of Evolution on Human Thought

 

Evolution

 

Evolution by definition of Webster dictionary is a gradual development

of simple matters into more complex. When most of the people hear

“evolution” it associates with development or history of the earth.

History of the earth compiles of gazillions of steps. The very first

step in our history is a birth of the earth, which took place over 4

billion years ago.

 

“Powerful telescopes reveal new stars coalescing from galactic dust,

just as our sun did more than 4.5 billion years ago. The earth itself

formed shortly thereafter, when rock, dust, and gas circling the sun

condensed into the planets of our solar system. Fossils of primitive

microorganisms show that life had emerged on earth by about 3.8 billion

years ago (Teaching about evolution and the Natural of Science, ch. 1).”

 

Many people throughout the centuries have been trying to find

explanations to the questions like: Why are surrounding us things the

way they are?; why some type of animals resemble another one? It was

hard to answer these questions without proper tools, experience and

background knowledge. Even nowadays, not all questions are answered.

Darwin was the first human who succeeded in responding to these

questions. He was the first one who put discovered facts and knowledge

available by his time in one big picture. In attempts to explain the

history Darwin created the most outstanding achievement of human beings

that had enormous impact of our thinking—evolutionary thinking. Ernest

Mayer, in his book “One Long Argument” says following about impact of

Darwin’s work on human thinking.

 

“It is almost impossible for a modern person to project back to the

early half of the nineteenth century and reconstruct the thinking of

this pre-Darwinian period, so great has been the impact of Darwinism on

our views (E. Mayr, pp. 1)

 

For our further discussion, one should explicitly distinguish between

evolution and evolutionary theory. Evolution (history) is a serious of

facts that occurred since the birth of the earth, while evolutionary

theory is the best way available nowadays to explain why evolution

happened the way it happened, but not otherwise. Both evolution and

evolutionary theory make series of claims. Some of them are secondary

and some are primary. Primary claims if proved wrong, would change

entire theory.

 

Primary Claims of Evolution

 

The earth is over 4 billion years old. In the past when technology was

not very developed it was hard to prove age of the earth. Scientists

had been aging by measuring the rate of sedimentation. Another method

of defining age, which was used in 1800s, is noticing what kinds of

fossil rocks have. Currently it is done by chemical analysis of

composition of fossil.

 

“Some elements such as uranium, undergo radioactive decay to produce to

produce other elements. By measuring the quantities of radioactive

elements and elements into which they decay in rocks, geologists can

determine how much time has elapsed since the rock cooled from initially

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