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: 2016-10-20
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James Joyce ()
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Aliona Kolesnik

Form 11-C                                                    

 James Joyce


       PRIVATE  INCLUDEPICTURE  \d "Portrets\\JoycePortret1.jpg"  Joyce,
James Augustine Aloysius (1882-1941), Irish novelist and poet, whose
psychological perceptions and innovative literary techniques, as
demonstrated in his epic novel Ulysses, make him one of the most
influential writers of the 20th century. Joyce was born in Dublin on
February 2, 1882, the son of a poverty-stricken civil servant. He was
educated at Jesuit  schools, including University College, Dublin.
Raised in the Roman Catholic faith, he broke with the church while he
was in college. In 1904 he left Dublin with Nora Barnacle, a chambermaid
whom he eventually married. They and their two children lived in
Trieste, Italy, in Paris, and in Zurich, Switzerland, meagerly supported
by Joyce's jobs as a language instructor and by gifts from patrons. In
1907 Joyce suffered an attack of iritis, the first of the severe eye
troubles that led to near blindness. After 20 years in Paris, early in
World War II, when the Germans invaded France, Joyce moved to Zurich,
where he died on January 13, 1941. 

       James Joyce was the first who introduce the psychological
discoveries of S. Freud into fiction. He did not write very much, but
what he wrote was revolutionary. After his first books, The Dubliners
 brilliant short stories of simple citizens of Dublin  and A Portrait
of the Artist as a Young Man  an auto biographical report of his own
youth  he developed the rest of his own life only to two books. The
first, Ulysses , takes us through the idle wanderings of a Dublin Jew,
Leopold Bloom, from the beginning to the end of one single day. The
fusion of facts and feelings, of external events and internal
reflections is so disconcerting that you are often puzzled, sometimes
bored and sometimes left like an idiot. But reading on, you are so
inevitably forced into the dark and mysterious atmosphere of the heros
life and thoughts that you cannot evade the singular streams of
consciousness which to bring forth is the authors single aim. Even
move complicated and difficult to read is his second book: Finnegans
Wake, which adds to the day-light of consciousness the confusing
night-dreams of the subconscious, a single stream of incomprehensible
mysteries and visions, floating like broken fragments of the mind in the
vast ocean of the human soul.  In order to get a first impression of
Joyces psychological attempts it is better to begin with his early
autobiographical work, in which the often quoted Stream of
Consciousness can already be observed.

Early Works 

      INCLUDEPICTURE  \d "Portrets\\JoycePortret2.jpg"  As an
undergraduate Joyce published essays on literature. His first book,
Chamber Music (1907), consists of 36 highly finished love poems, which
reflect the influence of the Elizabethan lyricists and the English lyric
poets of the 1890s. In his second work, Dubliners (1914), a collection
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