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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваOrganizing forms of business activity (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Organizing forms of business activity.


Presently in our country exist and are developped three main types of

business companies: individual holdings (enterprises, based on personal

property of owner), partnership and corporations. For instance, in

United Staffs in 1982 s from 16 million companies suppressing majority

were shown by individual possessions and their average profits formed

only 42400 dollars, partnership was in 4 times above, but cost sold by

goods corporations and services at the average exceeded 2 million



Individual holdings and partnership.


Expect, I has decided to open a shop on the assembly and selling the

computers. I will come to lease a premises under the shop, buy

completing to was than fill regiments, and, possible hire anyone, who

stood for the pay-desk, while I on occupations. I shall completely order

a remainder of profit after my business it is expenses payment.


- An Individual possession - an enterprise, basing in property of one

person, having full right on tinned as a result economic activity profit

and completely responsible for any losses, which tolerates an



Possible, my shop will turn out to be unprofitable, either as a many

enterprise, basing in individual property. In this case I will come to

pay for losses from the own pocket. Then I shall have to declare itself

a bankrupt and allow to separate the whole my cash assets and

miscellaneous personal property between that, who I must money.


But individual holdings not always come to nothing. Most often they

ensure heavy existance to its owners, who work many watch, quite often

earning herewith less one,gets an average salary. But under a hour

individual holdings ensure wholly decent profits to its owners.


If my shop on selling the computers prospers, possible, I want to

enlarge. For this me, probably, I will come to scramble over in the

premises little more, create a greater spare of goods, intended for

selling, possible, buy a lorry for the deivery of goods, hire more

employees, gain furniture for the office. I will be necessary free

financial capital to pay for all new equipment and spares. Where to take

this facility on? If personally beside me money not sufficiently,

probably I will try to get necessary financial facilities beside the

friend or relative, which in this case will become a partner or



- Partnership (full company) - an enterprise, basing in joint ownership

two or more persons, having its share in the profit. Each Of owners, or

partners, carries joint responsibility for all losses, which tolerates

an enterprise.


Sometimes, deal leads only one of the partners, but other only gives

money; sometimes both or all owners are active enterprise participants.

Exists several very large partnership with hundreds of companions,

amongst legal and accounting companies in particular.


However form of partnership has two essential defects. First,

partnership (either as individual holdings) are enterprises with

unlimited responsiblity. This means that if enterprise bears a loss,

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