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European Union

Tatevik Zohrabyan

Agribusiness Teaching Center

International Trade

Fall 2002

European Union (EU)


This paper is about the EU, its major policies, the key objectives,
legislations, instruments for implementing those policies, who the
members are, and the institutions involved in the implementation of the
trade goals. 

Key word:  European Union; Mission of the EU. 


The establishment of the EU intended to work toward common goals of
European countries. This free trade zone or economic community was and
is very successful which seeks special purposes such as political
dialogue, free trade and freedom of movement, economic, financial, and
cultural cooperation. Special attention was focused on the trade laws,
regulations, and other issues (Kotler, 1999, p. 371). 

The key objectives are to keep market open, ensure fair trade, enforce
the legislation objectively and transparently, ensure trade partners
respect WTO legislation, and promote improvements to the system
(European Union). The EU provides sovereignty to its Members to act as
independent ones on behalf of the EU or in other words to welfare and
interest of the Union as a whole (European Union).

The integration of the EU after 2nd World War enabled the EU is to raise
standards of living, build an internal market, launch the common
currency - euro, strengthen the Union’s voice in the world. To realize
these goals the EU has been implementing several trade defense

Anti – dumping policy

Anti – subsidy policy

Regulation on trade barriers

Protective measures. 

The EU even uses a common currency, the euro monetary system which tend
to make the trade zone more effective and compatible in the
international market (European Union). The EU has such a structure that
there are 5 institutions and each of them is responsible for a
respective objective (European Union).

Today the EU is one of the influential and largest trade blocs or single
markets that includes 15 member countries. Those 15 member countries
totally have more than 370 million consumers and account for 20% of the
world’s exports. The EU is going to enlarge and accept 13 European
countries. The EU also intended to improve the relations with non-member
countries and for this purpose it planed to develop special policies on
trade with nonmember countries (Kotler, 1999, p. 371). 

Nowadays, the EU is on the 5th place ahead of the US and Japan. The EU
is the leading player in international market (European Union).

European Union

The European Union (EU) was established after 2nd World War. France
officially undertook the establishment of the EU proposing to create
“the first concrete foundation of a European federation”. On May 9, 1950
the EU was created and initially six European countries joint to the EU:
Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxemburg, and the Netherlands. Then 9
countries joint to the EU and today the number of the member countries
is 15 (later joint Denmark, Ireland, the United Kingdom, Greece, Spain,
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