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: 2016-10-24
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Nikolaev and Yakutia ()
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Word Doc
Ministry of Education RS (Yakutia)

The Yakut state university name M.K. Ammosova

Physicotechnical institute

Power faculty




Vasilev M., Archaxov F., Mixailov A.

checked up:

Zaxarova E.V.

Yakutsk 2002. THE CONTENTS

History . 4

A few words about richness . 5 

Sovereignity  6

Economic relations ... 8

Mikhail Nikolaev ... 10

The conclusion . 11

The used literature  14	

Yakutia is a well-known place in the world since ancient time. But
Republic of Yakutia has received its own flag and stamp only recently,
with receiving of true sovereignity. In opinion of majority of Republic
citizens, both of state symbols most conciseness express historical
destiny of Yakutia native people, their present day, their future and
nature of the north country.

Present sovereign Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is an exporter and
importer of goods production. But first of all a few words about


Beginning from the 17th century, with coming of Cossackslandwalders to
the Lena river, the Lena area, as they called Yakutia, attracted
attention of Russian tzars, and their close surrounding. Of course,
attention of Russian authorities to Yakutia was called by political and
economical matters in difference of  attention of scientists,
travellers, men of letters.

Union of new lands, need in famous Yakutian fur, which was carrying off
abroad, to European and Asian countries, filling up the state treasure,
were necessary. Economic potention of Yakutia especially in the 20th
century, grew exceedingly, although it continued to serve as pantry of
natural richnesses only. 


Before this time richness of sakha people was cattle and its products,
such as meat, milk and butter. Besides of this, it was nature: sakha,
evenks, evens, jukagirs and local Russians, they were rigorous and
silent, and nourished to nature the most tender feeling, used its gifts
in necessary degree to live in these austere conditions. Furs were used
only for practice. But in other hand, with sewing of clothes esthetical
feeling of the people was manifested, they decorated their clothes with
patterns, beads, other fur.

In the first half of the 17th century fairies appeared on the northeast,
and beginning in June 25,1768 a decree of Senate on instituting of
official fairies in Irkutsk, Yakutsk, Udinsk was adopted, Astonishing
fact was the quantity of merchants of second and third guilde, in
Yakutsk in 1823 they were 43, in Olyekminsk they were 10, in Vilyuisk 

Thats why in the end of the 19th century Yakutian merchants traded on
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