London, the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, is
situated on the banks of the river Thames. The city is very old, it's
more than 20 centuries. Its population is nearly 9 million people. The
area known as "Great London" occupies the territory of about 1.8
thousand square km.
The capital of the country is the important financial centre and
one of the largest ports of the world. Administratively London is
divided into 33 districts, but at the same time there are some parts of
London, which have some distinctive features: the West End, the East
End, the City, Westminster.
The City of London is the commercial centre of all the country.
It contains the Bank of England, business firms, companies,
corporations, office buildings. Besides the Bank of England, London has
5 largest commercial banks of the United Kingdom and well-known London
The masterpiece of architecture in the City today is St. Paul's
Cathedral, designed by Christopher Wren, the famous English architect of
the 17th century. In this Cathedral there are statues and tombs of the
national English heroes: Nelson, Wellington and others.
The Tower of London is an old castle, situated in the City. It
was used as a fortress, a palace and a prison. During its long period of
existence it was time when the Tower was even the Zoo. It was the Royal
Zoo, of course. Now the Tower is a museum and houses the Crown jewels
and other treasures. There is a legens in England that the Tower will
fall if it loses it's ravens. That's why these birds are carefully
Wesminster is the aristocratic, official part of London. It's
very attractive for tourists because it has historical places full of
customs and traditions. Parliament is situated in the Palace of
Westminster. The famous Big Ben, the clock from which all people of this
country take the time is in one of its beutiful towers.
Westminster Abbey is very beautiful church, which is more than
900 years old. Nearly all the kings and queens of Britain were crowned
and buried there. Many famous people of this country were buried in the
Abbey, among them Newton, Darwin, Dickens, Kipling and others. In the
Poet's corner there are memorials to Shakespeare, Burns, Byron, Scott,
Thackeray and Longfellow.
The official residence of the Queen of England is Buckingham
Palace. The changing of the guard before Buckingham Palace several times
a day is wached by hundreds of people.
London has 30 museums. One of the best known museums is the
British Museum, its library has unique collection of manuscripts; the
richest collection of antiquities and seven million of books. The Art
Galleries of London such as the Tate Gallery, the National Gallery, the
Royal Academy of Arts are considered to be the largest in the British
Visitors of London are surprised by the famous Madam Tussaud's