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НазваThe Royal Family (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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For more than a thousand years Britain has always had kings or queens

except for the ten years between 1649 and 1659. In the past, kings had

great power and they really helped to make history. They started wars,

made lows, and did things in their own way. But gradually more and more

power went to Parliament. What does the queen do now? Why does Britain

need monarchy? And does it?


A job for life


Elizabeth II calls the Windsor family a “Firm”. She thinks

of it as a business rather than a family. And the main business of the

royal family is… well, probably being royal. And they are paid for it.

The queen is one of the richest woman in the world and yet she gets

about 8 million pounds a year to be a queen. But many people agree that

she does her job well and she deserves her salary.


The work of the royal family has continued through all the

changes of the last fifty or sixty years. There are hundreds of

traditional ceremonies which the Queen has to keep. Each year, in

September or October, there is the State Opening of Parliament. The

Queen, wearing her crown, arrives at the Houses of Parliament by

carriage. There she reads the Queens Speech, which discusses the

government’s work for the next year.


Another traditional ceremony takes place on the Thursday

before Easter Sunday. The Queen gives out purses of money to older

people who have done good work. This is called “Maundy money” and the

tradition is almost seven hundred years old.


Every summer the Queen gives three or more royal garden

parties at Buckingham Palace. About 8,000 guests come to each party.

They drink about 27,000 cups of tea and eat 20,000 sandwiches and 20,000

pieces of cake.


The Queen and other members of the royal family often travel

abroad as guests of others countries. They meet important visitors. They

are invited to the opening of hospitals, schools, museums, embassies-not

long ago Princess Anne came to Moscow for the opening ceremony of the

new British Embassy. So their life is quite busy. Besides, the Queen

acts as head of the government and once a week she has a meeting with

the Prime Minister. She also has to read the report of the day from

Parliament. Any law made by Parliament really becomes a law only if the

Queen agrees to it. But no king or queen has refused a new law since



Family story


When Elizabeth was born nobody knew she would be queen. Her

grandfather, King George V, had six children. His eldest son, Edward,

was the next in line to be king and Elizabeth’s father, Albert, was only

second child. Edward loved a good time. He enjoyed women, drink a lot,

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