PROTECTION OF INFORMATION
Rapid development of automation processes and the penetration of the
computers in all fields of life have lead to appearance of a range of
peculiar problems. One of these problems is the necessity of providing
effective protection to information and means of its processing.
A lot of ways to access information, considerable quantity of qualified
specialists, vast use of special technical equipment in social
production make it possible for violators practically at any moment and
in any place carry out the actions, which represent a threat to
Particular role in this process has been played by appearance of
personal computer (PC), which has made computers, software and other
informational technologies available to general public. Wide
distribution of PC and impossibility of conducting effective control of
their use have resulted in the decreasing security level of information
In the current situation, data processing has moved the problems of
information security forward to the rank of most important problems of
national economy. Solving the problem of poor information security
presupposes a complex of measures. First of all, such actions of
government as development of classification system, documentation of
information and protection methods, data access regulations and
punishing measures against information security violators.
PROTECTION OF INFORMATION
a. State informational sources
Formation of state informational sources is carried out by citizens,
state authorities, organizations and social unions. Documents, which
belong to a person, can be included in the state structure of
informational sources, of course, if the person wishes. State
informational sources are open and generally available. Documented
information with limited access is divided into state secret and
b. Citizen information (personal information)
Personal data refers to confidential information. The collection,
storage, use and distribution of private information are not allowed.
The information, which breaks personal and family secret, secret of
correspondence, telephone, postal, telegraph talks and other messages of
a person without his/her permission, is also confidential.
Personal data may not be used with purpose of causing damage to
person’s property and reputation, difficulties of realization its right.
Collected data must be limited to necessary information. The
information, which carries strong probability of causing damage to a
citizen’s interests shouldn’t be collected.
There are some categories of personal information:
official department rules and instructions;
information, which is not to be made public in accordance with
confidential business information;
information, which touches private life of a person;
information of financial institutions;
c. Development and production of informational systems
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