найбільша колекція україномовних рефератів

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останнє поновлення: 2016-12-30
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реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваProtection of information (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Rapid development of automation processes and the penetration of the

computers in all fields of life have lead to appearance of a range of

peculiar problems. One of these problems is the necessity of providing

effective protection to information and means of its processing.


A lot of ways to access information, considerable quantity of qualified

specialists, vast use of special technical equipment in social

production make it possible for violators practically at any moment and

in any place carry out the actions, which represent a threat to

information safety.


Particular role in this process has been played by appearance of

personal computer (PC), which has made computers, software and other

informational technologies available to general public. Wide

distribution of PC and impossibility of conducting effective control of

their use have resulted in the decreasing security level of information



In the current situation, data processing has moved the problems of

information security forward to the rank of most important problems of

national economy. Solving the problem of poor information security

presupposes a complex of measures. First of all, such actions of

government as development of classification system, documentation of

information and protection methods, data access regulations and

punishing measures against information security violators.






a. State informational sources


Formation of state informational sources is carried out by citizens,

state authorities, organizations and social unions. Documents, which

belong to a person, can be included in the state structure of

informational sources, of course, if the person wishes. State

informational sources are open and generally available. Documented

information with limited access is divided into state secret and

confidential information.


b. Citizen information (personal information)


Personal data refers to confidential information. The collection,

storage, use and distribution of private information are not allowed.

The information, which breaks personal and family secret, secret of

correspondence, telephone, postal, telegraph talks and other messages of

a person without his/her permission, is also confidential.


Personal data may not be used with purpose of causing damage to

person’s property and reputation, difficulties of realization its right.

Collected data must be limited to necessary information. The

information, which carries strong probability of causing damage to a

citizen’s interests shouldn’t be collected.


There are some categories of personal information:


secret documents;


official department rules and instructions;


information, which is not to be made public in accordance with

legislative acts;


confidential business information;


information, which touches private life of a person;


information of financial institutions;


c. Development and production of informational systems

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