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НазваErnest Hemingway: Tragic Genius (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат на тему:


Ernest Hemingway:


Tragic Genius





студент группы 022.3







Томск - 2003


The reason that Hemingway meant so much to us," Archibald MacLeish,

the American poet, once observed, "was that his work reflected

truthfully and without rhetoric the faults and virtues and the essential

humanity of the people among whom he lived and that the power and

vividness of his writing was such that his work could and did break

through barriers of language and fogs of misrepresentation to touch men



Reporter, soldier, short-story writer, novelist, playwright,

deep-sea fisherman, and big game hunter, Hemingway was a man whose

unique mastery of the art of writing influenced the style of an entire

generation of writers. That influence spread far beyond the borders of

the United States and far beyond the English language. It is an

influence that persists today.


Ernest Miller Hemingway, one of six children, was born into the

family of a small town doctor at Oak Park, Illinois, on July 21, 1899.

He was active in sports; and under the guidance of his father, he came

to love the outdoors, becoming an excellent hunter and fisherman. His

parents wanted him to become a doctor or a musician, but after

graduation from high school, he began his writing career as a sports

reporter for the Kansas City Star.


When the United States entered World War I, Hemingway left his job

and tried to enlist in the army. After repeated rejections because of

his youth, he was finally accepted as an ambulance




driver with the Red Cross in Italy. Shortly before his 19th birthday, he

was badly wounded by enemy fire and spent several weeks in a hospital in

Milan. This experience would provide material for his future novel A

Farewell to Arms. After leaving the hospital, he enlisted in the Italian

Arditi, an infantry unit, and served until the Armistice on November 11,



Hemingway returned to Chicago in 1919 and then went to Toronto,

Canada, where he worked for the Toronto Star. Two years later, he was

appointed to the Sfar's international news bureau and was assigned to

Paris. From 1921 to 1927, he lived in Europe where he worked hard at

realizing his ambition to become a writer. Joining the literary circle

of expatriate American writers brought together by poet, author Gertrude

Stein, Hemingway profited from his association with writers like her,

Ezra Pound, and F. Scott Fitzgerald. He wrote his first three works:

Three Short Stories and Ten Poems (1923); In Our Time (1925), a

collection of short stories; and The Torrents of Spring (1926), a novel,

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