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НазваErnest Hemingway: Tragic Genius (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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                    Реферат на тему:

     Ernest Hemingway:

              Tragic Genius



                                               студент группы 022.3



                          Томск - 2003

     The reason that Hemingway meant so much to us," Archibald MacLeish,
the American poet, once observed, "was that his work reflected
truthfully and without rhetoric the faults and virtues and the essential
humanity of the people among whom he lived and that the power and
vividness of his writing was such that his work could and did break
through barriers of language and fogs of misrepresentation to touch men

     Reporter, soldier, short-story writer, novelist, playwright,
deep-sea fisherman, and big game hunter, Hemingway was a man whose
unique mastery of the art of writing influenced the style of an entire
generation of writers. That influence spread far beyond the borders of
the United States and far beyond the English language. It is an
influence that persists today.

     Ernest Miller Hemingway, one of six children, was born into the
family of a small town doctor at Oak Park, Illinois, on July 21, 1899.
He was active in sports; and under the guidance of his father, he came
to love the outdoors, becoming an excellent hunter and fisherman. His
parents wanted him to become a doctor or a musician, but after
graduation from high school, he began his writing career as a sports
reporter for the Kansas City Star.

      When the United States entered World War I, Hemingway left his job
and tried to enlist in the army. After repeated rejections because of
his youth, he was finally accepted as an ambulance 


driver with the Red Cross in Italy. Shortly before his 19th birthday, he
was badly wounded by enemy fire and spent several weeks in a hospital in
Milan. This experience would provide material for his future novel A
Farewell to Arms. After leaving the hospital, he enlisted in the Italian
Arditi, an infantry unit, and served until the Armistice on November 11,

     Hemingway returned to Chicago in 1919 and then went to Toronto,
Canada, where he worked for the Toronto Star. Two years later, he was
appointed to the Sfar's international news bureau and was assigned to
Paris. From 1921 to 1927, he lived in Europe where he worked hard at
realizing his ambition to become a writer. Joining the literary circle
of expatriate American writers brought together by poet, author Gertrude
Stein, Hemingway profited from his association with writers like her,
Ezra Pound, and F. Scott Fitzgerald. He wrote his first three works:
Three Short Stories and Ten Poems (1923); In Our Time (1925), a
collection of short stories; and The Torrents of Spring (1926), a novel,
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