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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваThe impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers.

	Defense of the Socialist Motherland is the sacred duty of every citizen
of the USSR.

Article 62, Soviet 1977 Constitution

	Soviet invasion in Afghanistan started in December 1979, when the first
military troops crossed the Afghan border. Only at the time of
‘perestroyka’, in the year 1988, Gorbachov, the leader of Politburo -
start the process of withdrawing military troops from the territory of
Afghanistan. Between 1979 and 1988, about 15,000 soldiers were killed,
and many others were wounded. Gorbachov wanted to stop that war. He
stopped it as a historical fact. But did he stop that war inside the
hearts of thousands of veterans who came back to their homes? Did he
prevent the negative impact of that war on soldiers’ lives? The answer
is simple - no. My essay will give evidence in support of this opinion.

The Afghan War changed many people’s lives in the USSR. Still, in
present-day Russia, the consequences of that war are appeared. The
greatest impact of the Afghan War can be seen on the people who were
there - soldiers who had to serve in Afghanistan and fulfill their
‘international duty’. The war for which there was no need, had destroyed
many soldiers’ lives. Fifteen thousand of them had been killed, and many
others had been injured, some having become invalids, unneeded to the
government who had sent them to that war, and to the people who were not
in the war. Every single young man who went to Afghanistan continued his
life differently from the people who had never been there. The effect
was due not merely to a war, but to the whole system of the ex-USSR. In
my essay I will try to describe both of these effects on soldiers’

The new life for the eighteen year old boys began when they graduated
from high school. Some of them became recruits during the spring draft,
others during the fall draft. Recruits bound for Afghanistan would
receive 8-10 weeks’ training before being sent to their units. From that
moment they became subject to the subordination of officers through the
formal channels of authority, and the informal of dedovshina
(discrimination by the older soldiers). Newcomers were kept in line,
while being beaten. This continued until the new soldiers agreed to
acquiesce. That was just the beginning of soldiers’ lives, being sent to
the war they all experienced in very different ways. The impact of
fighting and the experience of killing, dedovshina, an alien military
institution, and an alien land changed the characters and lives of the
soldiers before they returned home. ‘We were in an alien land. And why
were we there? To this day, for some, it doesn’t matter.’

	War in Afghanistan was not exclusively a male war. Many of the women
who volunteered  to served in Afghanistan were nurses, others filled a
variety of support or nurture roles (as cooks, for example). The rest
were involved in paperwork or communication. For these in Afghanistan
women the main problem became men. They attracted soldiers in
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