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НазваThe face of every city is different. Washington D.C. (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world,
after Russia, Canada and China. It occupies the southern part of North
America, and includes Alaska.

The USA is made up of 50 states, and the District of Columbia, a special
federal area where the capitol of the country is situated. 

If we look at the map of the USA, we can see lowlands and mountains. The
highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada. The
highest peak is Mount McKinley which is located in Alaska. The United
States is a land of rivers and lakes. The largest and deepest lakes in
the USA are the five Great Lakes on the border with Canada. America’s
largest rivers are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the Rio Grande and the
Columbia. The Mississippi is the word’s third longest river after the
Nile and the Amazon. The climate of the country varies greatly. The
climate of Alaska is arctic. The climate of the central part is
continental. The south has subtropical climate. 

The history of the country is rather long. Christopher Columbus sailed
from Spain across the Atlantic Ocean. Instead of reaching India as he
had expected he landed on an island off a continent unknown to
Europeans, but he thought that he was in India.

In the southern states white farmers used black slaves to work on their
huge plantations. When slavery was stopped in the North the southern
states left the Union and formed the Confederacy. Civil war between the
North and the South started. The Union won and the slavery was abolished
all over the USA. 

Nowadays, the USA is highly developed industrial country. 

There are many important cities in the USA, for example New York, one of
the largest cities in the world, a great seaport and financial center,
Chicago near the Great Lakes, one of the biggest industrial cities in
the USA, and the second largest after New York. Boston is one of the
first cities which were built on the Atlantic coast of America. Now it
is a big cultural centre with three universities. Los Angeles is a
centre of modern industries and show business. Other big and important
cities of the USA are Philadelphia, Dallas, San Francisco, Detroit,
Washington and so on.

Washington D.C. is the capitol of US. It is situated in the District of
Columbia and is like no other city in America. it’s the world’s largest
one-industry city. And that industry is government. The White House,
where the US president lives and works, the Capitol, the home of the US
congress, and the Supreme Court, are all in Washington. The city was so
named  in memory of George Washington, the first president of the USA,
known for the active participation in the war with Britain. A special
district was created for the city – the District of Columbia. The city
was laid out according to be a capitol. Washington is one of the most
magnificent and unusual cities in the USA. In the centre of it rises the
huge dome of the Capitol – a big white dome standing in a circle of
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