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НазваThe face of every city is different. Washington D.C. (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.


The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world,

after Russia, Canada and China. It occupies the southern part of North

America, and includes Alaska.


The USA is made up of 50 states, and the District of Columbia, a special

federal area where the capitol of the country is situated.


If we look at the map of the USA, we can see lowlands and mountains. The

highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada. The

highest peak is Mount McKinley which is located in Alaska. The United

States is a land of rivers and lakes. The largest and deepest lakes in

the USA are the five Great Lakes on the border with Canada. America’s

largest rivers are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the Rio Grande and the

Columbia. The Mississippi is the word’s third longest river after the

Nile and the Amazon. The climate of the country varies greatly. The

climate of Alaska is arctic. The climate of the central part is

continental. The south has subtropical climate.


The history of the country is rather long. Christopher Columbus sailed

from Spain across the Atlantic Ocean. Instead of reaching India as he

had expected he landed on an island off a continent unknown to

Europeans, but he thought that he was in India.


In the southern states white farmers used black slaves to work on their

huge plantations. When slavery was stopped in the North the southern

states left the Union and formed the Confederacy. Civil war between the

North and the South started. The Union won and the slavery was abolished

all over the USA.


Nowadays, the USA is highly developed industrial country.


There are many important cities in the USA, for example New York, one of

the largest cities in the world, a great seaport and financial center,

Chicago near the Great Lakes, one of the biggest industrial cities in

the USA, and the second largest after New York. Boston is one of the

first cities which were built on the Atlantic coast of America. Now it

is a big cultural centre with three universities. Los Angeles is a

centre of modern industries and show business. Other big and important

cities of the USA are Philadelphia, Dallas, San Francisco, Detroit,

Washington and so on.


Washington D.C. is the capitol of US. It is situated in the District of

Columbia and is like no other city in America. it’s the world’s largest

one-industry city. And that industry is government. The White House,

where the US president lives and works, the Capitol, the home of the US

congress, and the Supreme Court, are all in Washington. The city was so

named in memory of George Washington, the first president of the USA,

known for the active participation in the war with Britain. A special

district was created for the city – the District of Columbia. The city

was laid out according to be a capitol. Washington is one of the most

magnificent and unusual cities in the USA. In the centre of it rises the

huge dome of the Capitol – a big white dome standing in a circle of

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