Geography of Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland is at its nearest point only 21km (13 miles)
from Scotland. It has 488-km (303-mile) border in the south and vest
with the Irish Republic. At its centre lies Lough Neagh, Britain’s
largest freshwater lake (381sq km, 147sq miles). Many of the principal
towns lie in valleys leading from the lough, including the capital,
Belfast, which stands at the mouth of the river Lagan. The Mourne
Mountains, rising sharply in the south-east, include Slieve Donard,
Northern Ireland’s highest peak (852 m, 2,796 ft).
Environment of Scotland.
Scotland’s countryside contains rich variety of wildlife, with
some species not found elsewhere in Britain. There are 71 national
nature reserves and over 1,300 Sites of Special Scientific Interest.
Four regional parks and 40 national scenic areas have been designated,
covering 13 per cent of the land surface. Four of the 11 forest parks in
Great Britain are in Scotland, and a fifth spans the border between
Scotland and England.
Environment of Whales
There are extensive areas of picturesque hill, lake and
mountain country, and the countryside supports a variety of plants and
wildlife. There are three National Parks (Snowdonia, the Brecon Becons
and the Pembrokeshire Coast), five Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty
and two national trails as well as 31 country parks and large stretches
of heritage coast. There are about 50 National Nature Reserves and over
800 Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Nearly all of the rivers and
canals are classified as having water of good or fair quality, and a
significant improvement has been achieved in the quality of bathing
Geographical Position of Great Britain.
The United Kingdom is situated on the British Isles. The
British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland,
and a great number of small islands. Their total area is over 244,000
The British Isles are separated from the European continent by
the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great
Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.
Northern Ireland occupies one third of the island of Ireland.
It borders on the Irish Republic in the south. The island of Great
Britain consists of three main parts: England (the southern and middle
part of the island), Wales (a mountainous peninsula in the west) and
Scotland (the northern part of the island).
There are no high mountains in Great Britain. In the north the
Cheviots (the Cheviot Hills) separate England almost along its middle,
the Cambrian mountains occupy the greater part of Wales and the
Highlands of Scotland are the tallest of the British mountains. Ben
Nevis, the tallest peak of the Highlands, is only 1,343 m high.
There is very little country except in the region known as East Anglia.
Most of the rivers flow into the North Sea. The Thames is the
deepest and the longest of the British rivers, it is over 300 km long.
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