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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваGeography of Northern Ireland (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Geography of Northern Ireland.


Northern Ireland is at its nearest point only 21km (13 miles)

from Scotland. It has 488-km (303-mile) border in the south and vest

with the Irish Republic. At its centre lies Lough Neagh, Britain’s

largest freshwater lake (381sq km, 147sq miles). Many of the principal

towns lie in valleys leading from the lough, including the capital,

Belfast, which stands at the mouth of the river Lagan. The Mourne

Mountains, rising sharply in the south-east, include Slieve Donard,

Northern Ireland’s highest peak (852 m, 2,796 ft).



Environment of Scotland.


Scotland’s countryside contains rich variety of wildlife, with

some species not found elsewhere in Britain. There are 71 national

nature reserves and over 1,300 Sites of Special Scientific Interest.

Four regional parks and 40 national scenic areas have been designated,

covering 13 per cent of the land surface. Four of the 11 forest parks in

Great Britain are in Scotland, and a fifth spans the border between

Scotland and England.


Environment of Whales


There are extensive areas of picturesque hill, lake and

mountain country, and the countryside supports a variety of plants and

wildlife. There are three National Parks (Snowdonia, the Brecon Becons

and the Pembrokeshire Coast), five Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty

and two national trails as well as 31 country parks and large stretches

of heritage coast. There are about 50 National Nature Reserves and over

800 Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Nearly all of the rivers and

canals are classified as having water of good or fair quality, and a

significant improvement has been achieved in the quality of bathing



Geographical Position of Great Britain.


The United Kingdom is situated on the British Isles. The

British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland,

and a great number of small islands. Their total area is over 244,000

sq. km.


The British Isles are separated from the European continent by

the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great

Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.


Northern Ireland occupies one third of the island of Ireland.

It borders on the Irish Republic in the south. The island of Great

Britain consists of three main parts: England (the southern and middle

part of the island), Wales (a mountainous peninsula in the west) and

Scotland (the northern part of the island).


There are no high mountains in Great Britain. In the north the

Cheviots (the Cheviot Hills) separate England almost along its middle,

the Cambrian mountains occupy the greater part of Wales and the

Highlands of Scotland are the tallest of the British mountains. Ben

Nevis, the tallest peak of the Highlands, is only 1,343 m high.


There is very little country except in the region known as East Anglia.


Most of the rivers flow into the North Sea. The Thames is the

deepest and the longest of the British rivers, it is over 300 km long.

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