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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваThe Security Policy Significance of EU Membership for Finland (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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The Security Policy Significance of EU Membership for Finland

 

I. The European Union and Finnish Security

 

 

 

Finland's membership in the European Union is a pragmatic line of action

in security policy. EU membership gives Finland new opportunities for

influencing change and stability in its security environment. The

importance of membership for Finnish security depends on Finland's own

contribution. Finland's military security remains its own

responsibility.

 

 

 

As a member of the EU, Finland has full powers and opportunities for

influencing the decisions taken in a community of democratic states

aiming to build lasting security.

 

 

 

Since the end of the East West division, the policy of neutrality that

Finland followed in the Cold War is no longer a viable line of action.

During the Cold War, Finland tried to avoid making political, and

especially military, commitments that might have drawn it into conflicts

between the great powers. In the new situation, Finland's strategy is an

active participation in international political and security cooperation

for prevention and resolution of security problems.

 

 

 

Finland has not made any security policy reservations concerning its

obligations under its founding treaties or the Maastricht Treaty.

Finland has joined the Union as a militarily nonaligned country which

wishes to play an active and constructive role in creating and

implementing a common foreign and security policy.

 

 

 

The EU is not a military alliance, nor is it an independent actor in the

field of defence. Those EU Member States that also belong to NATO manage

their defence through the collective defence offered by NATO, while the

militarily nonaligned member states rely on an independent defence.

Despite the provisions of its founding charter, the WEU is not a

fullscale military alliance; the common defence of its members is

managed in coordination with NATO and in practice relies on NATO's

military structures and resources.

 

 

 

Military nonalignment is no obstacle to Finland's pursuit of its

membership objectives, or to the fulfilment of its undertakings. No such

conflict can be found either in the clauses of the Maastricht Treaty or

in Finland's experiences or prospects as a member.

 

 

 

Finland's contribution to conflict prevention and crisis management

strengthens the Union's capacity to promote cooperative security in

Europe. Finland's credible independent defence capability is an

important contribution to the Union's common security. Finland will play

a constructive role in consideration of the defence issue within the

Union, decisions concerning which will be made unanimously among the

member states. Finland is convinced that its own interests and those of

the other member states can be reconciled on this issue.

 

 

 

It is by remaining outside military alliances that Finland under the

present circumstances can best support stability in northern Europe and

thus more widely on the continent as a whole. Considering the special

historical relationship between Sweden and Finland and the similar

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