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НазваAIDS in Africa (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
Замовити оригінальну роботу
Iulia Pariniuc

Stoneleigh-Burnham School

Posted on 05/27/01


AIDS is becoming one of the most important problems of the modern world.
According to “AIDS Epidemic Update 2000” and the World Health
Organization (WHO), the current number of people living with HIV or AIDS
is 36.1 million, more than 50% higher than predicted in 1991. And this
number is increasing every day, hour and minute. The greatest number of
inhabitants sick with AIDS or HIV live in Africa. Over17 million
Africans have already died of AIDS-three times the number of AIDS deaths
in the rest of the world, orphaning 10 million or more African children.
“The AIDS situation in Africa is catastrophic and sub-Saharan Africa
continues to head the list as the world’s most affected region,” said
Peter Piot, Executive Director of UNAIDS. According to his report,
estimated 3.8 million people became infected with HIV in sub –Saharan
Africa during the year, bringing the total number of people living with
HIV/AIDS in the region to 25.3 million, or almost a million more than in

 The reason of such great spread of the disease is inadequate level of
living and absence of needed education. According to WHO, more than 50%
of African population does not live a safe sexual life, and the increase
of number of drugs deteriorate the problem. For example, according to
Ministry of Health statistics, 2.2 million Kenyans are ill with HIV,
with average 500 deaths every day. 

African medics do not want to show medical results to their patients and
to the government. They say that they do not reveal HIV results to
prevent the patients from fear of bad news. “Some patients literally die
hopelessly before their eyes”, they said. “Another problem is that when
some patients learn they are HIV positive, they go on their rampage,
despite the counseling we give them, said Matulumbu, an HIV/AIDS
specialist. The doctor, like his colleagues, said a number of patients
even took loans while others mortgaged family assets to use the money to
spread the disease. Such patients left their families double dilemma.
Dr. Matulumbu said: ”We are facing a serious problem because medics are
not trained on how to counsel HIV patients, yet we are expected to be a
counselor and a doctor at the same time.”

The patients,  HIV and AIDS positive express discontent about the
doctors curing them. If the owner of the factory, a sick African is
working for, finds out that the worker is sick, he automatically dismiss
him from his work job. The owners of the companies do not want to deal
with insurance of sick workers, and do not want to employ HIV/ADIS
patients. The reality is sad, but it is true. Patients hide their
results of HIV/AIDS tests, and it is difficult to determine the number
of sick Africans.

AIDS is not a disease that can be either determined or cured. The real
number of people with HIV positive is not known. Some of them do not
want to talk about the disease, others simply do not know they are sick.

 To help in preventing AIDS, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, in his
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