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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваEvolution of Christianity (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Evolution of Christianity


In about 2000 B.C., many displaced tribes were wandering through Middle

East throughout the Middle East because of the political upheavals that

accompanied the collapse of Akkadian kingdom and coming of the

Babylonians. These patriarchal tribes, under guidance of the oldest and

most respected male members, founded communities united by bloodlines,

economic interests, and folk traditions. One of these tribes known as

Hebrews, led by Abraham settled in the territory called Canaan, a region

identified loosely with ancient Israel. These tribes believed that

Abraham was guided by supernatural force, and this supernatural force

made a covenant, or solemn agreement with Abraham to protect his family

and bring prosperity to his offspring if they agreed to obey his divine

commands. These Hebrews enjoyed many prosperous decades in Canaan, and

in 1500 B.C. moved to Egypt at time when it was overrun by Hyksos until

Egypt reconquered their land and enslaved them. In about 1250 B.C. a

leader, Moses led Hebrews to Exodus from Egypt. These events were

recorded on Hebrew scriptures, and it described Moses as a savoir sent

by God. Their religion valued human life as sacred, because it was given

by God, who created and owned all things. The core of Mosaic law was the

Ten Commandments, which set forth the proper behavior of human beings.

Hebrews were called Jew later, and they started to incorporate two new

features into their religion which are eschatology, or the concern with

the end of the world, and apocalypse or prophecies about the coming of

God and a day of judgment. This future world would be led by a Messiah,

or Anointed One, who would bring peace and justice to all. Christianity

takes its roots from Judaism, and it gained much of its power from

tremendous moral force of its central beliefs and values. The surviving

sources for the origin of Christianity are writing in Greek by early

believers who were openly partisan. According to them, Christianity

began within the Jewish believers of Jesus. The outline of Jesus’ life

is described in books called Gospels. The writers of these Gospels were

Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, and only two these evangelists who are

Matthew and John, were witnesses of Jesus life on earth. There was a

belief at that time that in order to become Christian you first had to

become a Jew. This view of course was changed by Paul, a Jew converted

to Christianity after Jesus’ death. He welcomed led a group who welcomed

gentile, or non-Jewish members. Mark’s Gospel was written in part to

support Paul’s gentile faction. Paul was a citizen of Rome, and

therefore he was able to preach freely Greek-speaking Jew, and Jewish

converts scattered across the Roman Empire. Paul addressed theological

concerns in epistles, or letters which he directed to churches he either

founded or visited across Roman Empire. Paul interpreted Jesus’ life as

“Suffering Servant” who was noble and guiltless but misunderstood and

punished on behalf of others. He said that Jesus suffered for our sin we

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