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НазваRome and the Roman Empire (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Rome and the Roman Empire

by Alexander Moiseev



The accounts of the regal period have come down overlaid with such a
mass of myth and legend that few statements can be accepted as factual;
the Roman historians of later times, lacking authentic records, relied
on fabrications of a patriotic records, relied on fabrications of a
patriotic fancy.

The Legendary Period of the kings(753-510 BC)

Rome was said to have been founded by Latin colonists from Alba Longa, a
nearby city in ancient Latium. The legendary date of the founding was
753 BC; it was ascribed to Romulus and Remus, the twin sons of  Rhea
Silvia, a vestal virgin and the daughter of Numitor, king of Alba Longa.
Later legend carried the ancestry of the Romans back to the Trojans and
their leader Aeneas, whose son Ascanius, or lulus, was the founder and
the first king of Alba Longa. The tales concerning Romulus’s rule,
notably the rape of the Sabine women and the war with the Sabines under
the leader Titus Tatius, point to an early infiltration of Sabine
peoples or to a union of Latin and Sabine elements at the beginning. The
three tribes, the Ramnes, Titieus, and Luceres, that appear in the
legend of Romulus as the parts of the new commonwealth suggest that Rome
arose from the amalgamation of three stocks, thought to be Latin,
Sabine, and Etruscan.

The seven kings of the regal period and the dates traditionally assigned
to their regns are as follows: Romulus, from 753 to 715 BC; Numa
Pompilius, from 715 to 676 or 672 BC, to whom was attributed the
introduction of many religious customs; Tullus Hostilius, from 673 to
641 BC, a warlike king, who destroyed Alba Longa and fought against the
Sabines; Ancus Marcius, from 641 to 616 BC, said to have built the port
of Astia and to have captured many Latin towns, transferring their
inhabitants to Rome; Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, from 616 to 578 BC,
celebrated both for his military exploits against neighboring peoples
and for his construction of public buildings at Rome; Servius Tullius,
from 578 to 534 BC, famed for his new constitution and for the
enlargement of the boundaries of the city; and Lucius Tarquinius
Superbus, from 534 to 510 BC, the seventh and the last king, whose
tyrannical rule was overthrow when his son ravished Lucretia, the wife
of a kinsman. Tarquinius was banished, and attempts by Etruscan or Latin
cities to reinstate him on the throne at Rome were unavailing.

Although the names, dates, and events of the regal period are considered
as belonging to the regal of fiction and myth rather than to that of
factual history, certain facts seem well attested: the existence of an
early rule by kings; the growth of the city and its struggles with
neighboring peoples; the conquest of Rome by Etruria and the
establishment of a dynasty of Etruscan princes, symbolized by the rule
of the Tarquins; the overthrow of this alien control; and the abolition
of the kingship. The existence of certain social and political
conditions may also be accepted, such as the division of the beginning
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