The population of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea makes up 2 018
400 of people.
The economy of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea has been shaped by
the peculiarities and riches of its nature, as well as beneficial
geographical location of the peninsula. The Crimea has advantageous
natural conditions for development of agriculture, recreational
industry, and certain extractive industries, such as gas extraction,
iron ore and fluxing limestone mining, construction materials, soda and
The Crimea is also known as supplier of food industry equipment, TV sets
and radio equipment, pneumatic devices, electric welding equipment and
agricultural machinery, tankers, floating cranes, and hydrofoils.
The Crimean economy’s special profile is in labor-intensive engineering
Historically, agriculture in the Crimea has focused on plant farming. It
specializes in viticulture, horticulture, growing of tobacco, essential
oil crops, and grain. The republic’s animal husbandry includes dairy and
meat cattle breeding with well-developed livestock breeding, and such a
special sector as poultry industry.
The factories manufacturing consumer good occupy a special place in the
Crimean economy. They specialize in the production of clothing, footwear
and knitted garments, haberdashery and furniture. The Crimean steel
mills, machine building factories, and chemical plants contribute
significantly to the production of consumer goods. The Kerch Integrated
Steel Plant produces enameled steel kitchen utensils; machine building
factories in Simferopol and Sevastopol produce telecommunications
equipment; chemical plants in Krasnoperekopsk and Saky – textile dyes,
potassium permanganate, chemical plant in Simferopol – detergents.
Well known on world markets are the products of Crimean wine-makers,
such as vintage dessert and sparkling wines. The Crimean essential oils
enjoy a well-deserved authority.
The Crimean recreational sector has 632 sanative and preventive
healthcare facilities. Sanatoriums are concentrated mainly at the
Crimea’s South coast and the Yevpatoriya resort. The Crimea’s South
coast specializes in treatment of adults, whereas Yevpatoriya is
intended for recreation and treatment of children. The mountainous
Crimea has a network of tourist bases and camps. Hotels Yalta, Oreanda,
and camping motel Fairytale Glade are located at the peninsula’s South
In order to implement radical transformation in the national economy a
comprehensive long-term program of socioeconomic development and
restructuring of the economy of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea
has been developed covering the period until 2010.
Proceeding from the problems of republic’s socioeconomic development,
its climatic and resource potential, peculiarities and specialization of
the region, and its place in the social division of labor, and
approaches to structuring the economy, the program identifies the
following long-term priorities:
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