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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваAutonomous Republic of the Crimea (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The population of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea makes up 2 018

400 of people.


The economy of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea has been shaped by

the peculiarities and riches of its nature, as well as beneficial

geographical location of the peninsula. The Crimea has advantageous

natural conditions for development of agriculture, recreational

industry, and certain extractive industries, such as gas extraction,

iron ore and fluxing limestone mining, construction materials, soda and

bromide production.


The Crimea is also known as supplier of food industry equipment, TV sets

and radio equipment, pneumatic devices, electric welding equipment and

agricultural machinery, tankers, floating cranes, and hydrofoils.


The Crimean economy’s special profile is in labor-intensive engineering

and metal-working.


Historically, agriculture in the Crimea has focused on plant farming. It

specializes in viticulture, horticulture, growing of tobacco, essential

oil crops, and grain. The republic’s animal husbandry includes dairy and

meat cattle breeding with well-developed livestock breeding, and such a

special sector as poultry industry.


The factories manufacturing consumer good occupy a special place in the

Crimean economy. They specialize in the production of clothing, footwear

and knitted garments, haberdashery and furniture. The Crimean steel

mills, machine building factories, and chemical plants contribute

significantly to the production of consumer goods. The Kerch Integrated

Steel Plant produces enameled steel kitchen utensils; machine building

factories in Simferopol and Sevastopol produce telecommunications

equipment; chemical plants in Krasnoperekopsk and Saky – textile dyes,

potassium permanganate, chemical plant in Simferopol – detergents.


Well known on world markets are the products of Crimean wine-makers,

such as vintage dessert and sparkling wines. The Crimean essential oils

enjoy a well-deserved authority.


The Crimean recreational sector has 632 sanative and preventive

healthcare facilities. Sanatoriums are concentrated mainly at the

Crimea’s South coast and the Yevpatoriya resort. The Crimea’s South

coast specializes in treatment of adults, whereas Yevpatoriya is

intended for recreation and treatment of children. The mountainous

Crimea has a network of tourist bases and camps. Hotels Yalta, Oreanda,

and camping motel Fairytale Glade are located at the peninsula’s South



In order to implement radical transformation in the national economy a

comprehensive long-term program of socioeconomic development and

restructuring of the economy of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea

has been developed covering the period until 2010.


Proceeding from the problems of republic’s socioeconomic development,

its climatic and resource potential, peculiarities and specialization of

the region, and its place in the social division of labor, and

approaches to structuring the economy, the program identifies the

following long-term priorities:

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