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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваCherkasy Region (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
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The “heart” of our young country is its capital, ancient and at the

same time young Kiev. And Cherkasy region we can trustfully consider the

soul of Ukraine. The very this region was the motherland of Cossack

movement, the hetman capital Chigirin is situated here.

 

 

 

Cherkasy region gave birth to the prominent people – the first Ukraine’s

hetman Bogdan Khmelnitskiy, heroes of National Liberation War Peter

Doroshenko and Ivan Vygovskiy, Gaidamak movement leaders Zaliznyak and

Gonta, the world-known genius Taras Shevchenko, the nation’s prophet,

without which we can’t realize our purpose on the Earth.

 

 

 

The region with 1,5 mn population is situated in the center of Ukraine

and can be trustfully called its visit card, because it comprises

something from every Ukraine’s region.

 

The very region’s name is closely connected with its history – long ago

all Ukrainians were called cherkasy.

 

 

 

Cherkasy region is famous not only for its historical past, but also our

present times, first of all due to the well-developed

agrarian-industrial complex, where about 1/3 of the gross national

domestic product is produced. For the intensive development of

agriculture in the region is created the chemical, processing and food

processing industries, modern machinery. This assists the comfortable

investment climate, the development of business partnership.

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Cherkasy region was founded on the 7 of January 1954 and is one of the

youngest Ukraine’s regions. It is situated in the center of Ukraine, its

territory is 20,9 sq.km, that makes 3,5% of the total area. It borders

with the following regions: Kiev region in the north-west, Vinnitsa

region in the west, Poltava region in the north , Dnipropetrovsk region

in the east, and Kirovograd on south.

 

 

 

According to the administrative-territory division the region consists

of 20 districts, 6 towns of regional and 10 towns of district

subordination, 15 settlements 826 villages. The regional center is

Cherkasy.

 

 

 

Cherkasy region has a glorious past, it has a lot of unique monuments of

history and culture. On the territory of the region it was found more

than100 settlements of Tripil culture about 100 villages and burial

graves of Scithian time. Cherkasy area was a part of the East-Slav

territory established on the beginning of A.D, and during the time of

Kievan Rus was the southern part of Kiev principality.

 

 

 

NATURE AND ENVIRONMENT

 

The region is situated in the forest-steppe physical-geographic zone.

The area is hilly plain, the soil is mainly black. The climate is

temporally continental, with soft winters and warm summers. The average

temperature in summer is +20?C and in winter -5?C.

 

 

 

Due to the climate conditions the region has various vegetation, is

famous for its beautiful forests and different fauna. The largest in the

forest-steppe zone Kaniv biogeographical reserve is located here (its

area is 2028 ha), also the world-known dendrologic park “ Sofievka” is

the pearl of gardening art, in 1996 it celebrated the 200 anniversary

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