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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваChernivtsi Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Chernivtsi region is situated in the South-west of Ukraine in

foremountain zone of the Carpathian mountains occupying the

Prut-Dniester interfluve. The region was created on August 7th, 1940, as

a result of unification of the northern part of Bucovyna and Khotyn

county of Bessarabia. The oblast borders on the Ivano-Frankivsk, the

Ternopil, Khmelnytsky and the Vinnytsia regions of Ukraine, Romania and

Republic of Moldova.


The region’s territory is 8,100 sq. km which is 1,3% of Ukraine’s



The population numbers 922,8 thousand inhabitants, most part of it is

rural (60,0%). The region is multi-nation, including 70 nationalities:

70,8% of population are Ukrainians, 10,7% – Romanians, 9% – Moldavians,

6,7% – Russians, 1,7% – Jewish and 0,5% – Polish.


The region is devided into 11 administrative districts. It includes 11

cities, 8 towns, 398 villages. The regional center is the city of

Chernivtsi with population of 240,6 thousand and which occupies the

territory of 15,3 thousand hectars on both sides of the Prut river.


Chernivtsi region has favourable transport and geographical location,

has a developped railway, motor road pipe and electrical line structure.

The regional center has convenient railroad connection with european

capitals: Bucharest, Sofia, Belgrad, Moscow.


The region is rich in natural resources. Four oil-gas-bearing deposits

(Lopushne, Chornoguzy, Krasnoilsk, Sheremetiv) have been found in the

Chernivtsi region territory. Above ten oil-gas-promising areas have been

recently opened in the Vyzhnytsia, Novoselytsia, Storozhynets’, Putila



There are a lot of building materials in the region bowels. Considerable

deposits of gypsum and anhydride exist in the Dniester area and the Prut

basin. The northem and eastem districts of the region are rich in marls

and limestone. In Krasnoilsk there is a promising deposit of marble.

There are also diposits of quartzits, potassium; sources of mineral

water such as “Izhevsk”, “Matsest”, “Borzhomi”, “Naftusia”.


There are more than 70 rivers on the region’s territory which belong to

Danube and Dnister basins. The basis of river system are Dnister, Prut,

Siret, Cheremosh.


Chernivtsi region includes 243 forest recreational territories and sites

and 7 natural reserves, 8 natural historical sites, botanic and

dendrological park of Chernivtsi national university, Vyzhnytsia natural

park and Storozhynets dendropark of state-level importance and are

included into transnational ecological net of Carpathians (TACIS

project), and also 136 natural historical sites, 40 parks that are sites

of garden and park art, as well as 39 natural reserves of local

importance. Landscape reserves in Luzhky, Stebnik, Tsetsino,

ornitological reserve in Darnytsa, forest reserves in Lunkivtsi and

Petrivtsi are included into the list of reserves of state-level

importance. Natural reserve Bilka, caves Bukovynka, Popelyushka,

Balamutivska, Shylivskyy forest, Tysovyy ravine are belonged to the

natural historical sites of state-level importance.

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