Dnipropetrovs’k region is located in the South-East part of Ukraine, in
the basin of middle and low flow of Dnipro River. And borders with such
regions as Kharkiv, Donets’k, Zaporizhzhya, Poltava, Kirovograd,
Mykolaiv and Kherson. Total area is 31,9 thousand sq. km, including
forest land which is 190,8 thousand sq. km. The population of the region
comprises 3532,8 thousand persons (on 01.01.2003). Dnipropetrovs’k
region is divided into 22 administrative localities. The largest cities
are Dnipropetrovs’k, Kryvyy Rig, Dniprodzerzhinsk, Nikopol’, Pavlograd.
The surface is basically flat. In the West there is Prydniprovs’ka
eminence (height up to 209 м). In the South-East part there are cliffs
of Prydniprovs’ka eminence. In the central part there is Prydniprovs’ka
lowland. Mainly territory consists of rich black top soils and has
well-developed river system.
Climate is moderate continental. Average temperature in January is over
-5°С in the South-West and up to -6,5°С in the North-East; corresponding
in July – +23,5°С and +22°С. Annual precipitation is from 450 mm in the
South and up to 400 mm in the North. Vegetative period is 210 days.
The main water-way is river Dnipro which divides Ukraine into two
approximately equal parts. Its right inflows are Bazavluk, Mokra Sura,
Ingulets (with inflow Saksagan'); left ones are Оril’, Samara (with
inflow Vovcha). Dnipro and low part of Samara are floatable.
On the territory of region there are 144 kinds of animals, which are
brought to the Red Book of Ukraine. 38 regional kinds are in European
Dnipropetrovs’k region is unique in its variety of mineral reserves.It
has been discovered 302 deposits and about 950 ore-bearing indications
in its depths. In the region it is being explored 39 kinds of mineral
raw materials iron, manganese, uranium, titanium-zirconium, tungsten and
nickel ores, as well as fire-proof kaolin, flux limestone,granite,
building stone, coal.
Dnipropetrovs’k region is one of the biggest industrial regions in
Ukraine. It is characterized by a highly developed heavy industry.
34% of iron and steel industry output of Ukraine is produced in
Dnipropetrovs’k region. 49,5% of the total volume of gross product of
industrial complex belongs to metallurgy. This branch started its
development in the second half of XIX century. Nowadays the structure of
iron and steel industry includes 57 enterprises. They are: 7 ore-bearing
plants, 3 mining enterprises, 3 metallurgical plants, 9 tube producing
and 3 chemical-recovery carbonization plants, 2 enterprises of
Enterprises of mountain-metallurgical complex of region produce 100% of
marketable manganese ore, approximately 80% of iron ore, 75% of pipes,
35% of rolled stock, 37% of cast iron, 32% steel, 28% of coke of the
total amount made in Ukraine. The large part of this production is
certified and it corresponds to world level of quality.
Machine-building complex (including space engineering) has received
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