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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваIvano-Frankivsk Region (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Ivano-Frankivsk region (Precarpathian region) is situated at the

foothills of the Ukrainian Carpathians.

 

The region is divided into three distinct relief types: the Carpathians,

Precarpathian area, and Prydnistrovia (plain). The Carpathians, which

occupy almost half of the region territory, are divided into the

following ridges: Horhany, Chornohora, Chyvchyny, Hryniava.

 

Ivano-Frankivsk region is a region rich in minerals and recreation

resources. Ivano-Frankivsk region possesses the tenth part of all forest

resources of Ukraine.

 

In the region almost all agroindustrial types of soil can be found. On

the southern east there are big massifs of black earth suitable for

agriculture development.

 

Population – 1409, 3 thousand people. Density of population – 101,4

persons per sq. km. Area – 13,9 thousand sq. km.

 

In the region almost all agroindustrial types of soil can be found. On

the southern east there are big massifs of black earth suitable for

agriculture development.

 

In the region 160 deposits of 24 different minerals types have been

prospected:

 

? fuel-energy (oil, gas, lignite, peat);

 

? chemical (rock salt, potassium salt, sulfur, phosphorites);

 

? building materials (gypsum, marl, marble, sandstone, clay);

 

? balneal (ozokerite, mineral waters).

 

In the Ukrainian Carpathians there are also small deposits of iron and

manganese ore, copper, zinc, silver and gold.

 

The total length of the regional rivers is 1554 km. 35% of the rivers

are mountain, suitable for water sports development. Here there are

formed the main drains of the Dnister and Prut rivers. The biggest river

is the Dnister River, the length of which within the region territory is

190 km. The second river by the length is the Prut river – the left

tributary of the Danube. The regional rivers have the considerable

hydroelectric potential.

 

The Ukrainian Carpathians are rich in mineral waters. Here there are

about 800 mineral springs of all types. The region is famous by its

recreation resources. Here you can find 3000 plant species, including

500 herbs. The great variety of habitats provides considerable number of

different animals (near 400 species). The climate of the region moderate

continental, damp, with warm summers and mild winters. The average

temperature in July is 18°C on plains and 12-16°C in the mountains; in

January correspondingly -4,0 and -6,0°C. The annual amount of

precipitation varies from 700 mm on plains and 1420 mm in the mountains.

 

 

Borders. The region is bordered with Lviv, Ternopil, Chernivtsi,

Transcarpathian regions and Romania.

 

INDUSTRY

 

Industry is one of the leading branches of the regional economy. The

private sector predominates here, the share of which in the total output

is 94,2%.

 

In the national production the region takes leading places in production

of potash fertilizers – 58,9%, caustic soda – 39,6%, wood particle

boards – 30,8%, wood fiber boards – 46,6%, cement – 9,2%, slate – 42,1%,

asbestos-cement pipes and sleeves – 56,3%, industrial gas-meters – 90%.

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