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реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKharkiv Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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and pine forests in the region.The region's fauna consists of up to 340

species animals.


In order to conserve the national natural property and fauna and flora,

there have been established 132 hunting areas, 42 nature sanctuaries, 5

parks-monuments of garden and park art. Of national importance are

Chervonokutskyy Dendropark (area, 13.6 hectares), Sharovskyy Park (area,

39.3 hectares), Natalivskyy Park (area, 48 hectares), Botanical Park

with the Kharkiv University (area, 41.9 hectares) and other. The nature

reserves of 189 reserve objects cover 37,000 hectares.


One of the largest river of Ukraine – the Siverskyy Donets River – flows

across the territory of the Oblast (373 kilometres long within the

region), Dnieper-Donbas Canal and Siverskyy Donets-Donbas Canal have

been built.


The Siverskyy Donets River revives three the largest reservoirs:

Pechenizke Reservoir (383,000,000 cubic metres), Krasnopavlivske

Reservoir (410,000,000 cubic metres), Chervonooskolske Reservoir

(445,000,000 cubic metres).




Natural gas (reserves: 31.1 billion cubic metres), oil (estimated

reserves: 8 million MT), lignite and hard coal deposits, cement raw

materials. Fuel and power resources are represented by 41 combustible

gas reservoirs among which the most notable are Shebelinkske,

Krestyshchenske, and Kegychivske gas pools (the half of gas recovery in



Deposit origin building materials (sand, clay, chalk, limestone)

predominate in the region. Of a large importance are Novoselivske

high-purity glass-melting sand deposit, Yefremivske salt deposit.

Brick-tile-loam and clay, including ceramics ones, chalk occur

throughout the territory.


Structure of Natural Resources of the Kharkiv Oblast


- land resources – 54.7%;


- recreational – 15.0%;


- mineral – 15.0%;


- water – 11.0%;


- forest and fauna – 4.3%.


The natural-resource potential of the Kharkiv oblast makes up 4.2% of

the gross Ukrainian natural-resource potential.




Population: 2,910,000. The largest city, the capital of the oblast –

Kharkiv (1,470,000) – is the second-largest city in Ukraine, the

seventeenth-largest city in Europe. Other major cities include Lozova

(63 000), Kupyansk, Izyum (56 000).


Ethnic divisions


Ukrainians account for 62.8 per cent (1,880,000), Russians account for

33.2 per cent (990,000), other ethnic groups make up 4 per cent





Pre-school education: 758 children pre-school establishments.


Secondary and special secondary education: 989 secondary schools, 53

professional-technical educational establishments.


Higher education: 69 state higher educational establishments (HEE), 12

non-state HEEs.


The education system of the region completely satisfies the latter's

needs for engineering-technical, teaching, and medical specialists,

lawyers and cultural workers; moreover, it trains a significant number

of specialists for other regions of Ukraine.




The Kharkiv region is the hub of culture of Slobozhanshchyna. There are

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