найбільша колекція україномовних рефератів

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останнє поновлення: 2016-12-30
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Реферати на українській
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реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKharkiv Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Football, volleyball, basketball, track and field athletics, swimming,

gymnastics are the most popular kinds of sport. Recently,

non-traditional and extreme sports – rock-climbing, gliding, automobile

and motorcycle sport – have been becoming more and more popular.


Kharkiv sportsmen made their debut at the Helsinki Olympics in 1952.

Then a woman gymnast M. Gorokhovska won 1 golden and 5 silver medals.

Yu. Poiarkov (volleyball), R. Sharipov (gymnastics), L.Dzhigalova,

(track & field athletics), Ya. Klochkova (swimming) were twice Olympic

champions; V. Matushevas and Yu.Vengerovskiy (volleyball), A. Barkalov

(water polo), I. Tselovalnikov and V. Movchan (cycle track racing), Ye.

Kuryshko (canoeing), were Olympic champions. Also, many Kharkiv

sportsmen were world and European champions.




The total area of available housing in Oblast accounts for 59,030.5

thou. Square metres. The average provision of an inhabitant with living

accomodation is 19.8 square metres of total area.


At the average, the region constructs 300,000 square metres of living

accommodation a year (150,000 square metres – individual, construction).



Political sphere


In the Kharkiv Oblast the participation of all subjects of the political

process in securing the stability of the political system, civil

concord, protection of human rights continues to liven up. There have

been registered and function 51 regional organisations of political

parties of 105 parties acting in Ukraine.


Trades unions


The Kharkiv Oblast trades union organisation consists of 35 interbranch

organisations with 1,12 million members in total number.


Mass media


All known mass media have been developing in the region: TV and radio

broadcasting, newspapers, journals, INTERNET.


A teletransmission infrastructure notable for its influence and dynamism

has been formed within the region’s information field. The inhabitants

of the Kharkiv Oblast enjoy the possibility to receive four national

TV-programs, two programs of the Regional State Broadcasting Company,

and seven Russian language programs of commercial broadcasting

companies. Satellite television is actively developing.


Regional printed mass media form public opinion and are capable to play

an important role in any national measure system. In the region are

published 211 prints (25 journals and 186 newspapers) of the total

circulation of 1.7 million copies.




Industrial potential


In industrial production the Kharkiv Oblast is the fifth-largest oblast

in the country. 604 industrial enterprises are concentrated in the



The Kharkiv Oblast leads the way in the mechanical engineering industry

of Ukraine. There, a powerful tractor-building complex has been formed.

The production of power equipment, aircraft construction, machinetool

construction, fuel, electronic, chemical, pharmaceutical, food, and

light industries are of great importance.


Mechanical engineering and metalwork


The share of the region in the national production account for: tractor

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