duction account for: tractor
and combine engines – 100 per cent; tractors – 40 per cent; steam
turbines – 100 per cent, antifriction bearings – 55 per cent, CNC
machine tools and large electric machines – 50 per cent.
Fuel and power industry
The fuel and power complex of the Kharkiv Oblast is a unique one in
Ukraine as regards the production of power carriers (gas and gas
condensate) and self-sufficiency in electricity thanks to own
The region is self-sufficient in bakery foods and paste, meat products,
and full-cream milk products. There is a significant export potential as
regards confectionery, canned milk, strong drinks, oil and fat products,
The Ukraine's largest enterprises producing cement, slates, tiles,
cellular concrete blocks, wall materials, plastic joineries, bricks,
constructional steelwork operate in the region.
This sector has unique research and production facilities, which allow
manufacturing products competitive in the world markets. Over fifty per
cent of the medicinal preparation production in Ukraine is accounted for
the Kharkiv Oblast.
The region is specialised in the production of consumer goods (plastic
articles, household chemistry goods, enamels, and paints) and raw
materials for heavy industry needs (coke, spare parts to oil drilling
equipment, liquefied and gaseous nitrogen, oxygen and argon).
Light industry enterprises of the region produce garments, textiles, fur
and leather goods, carpets, leather haberdashery, footwear. As a whole,
this sector produces some 9,000 kinds of consumer goods (the
first-largest oblast in Ukraine in the volume of production).
There are 11,700 small businesses in the. 9 business centres, 3 business
incubators, 3 business support foundations provide their assistance to
The main lines of activities are as follows: production activities,
trading activity and agency business, construction, scientific support
and maintenance, service business.
Usable area, 2,400,000 hectares. Arable land area, 1,900,000 hectares.
The Kharkiv Oblast is notable among other oblasts of Ukraine for a high
level of the production of grain, sugar beet, sunflowers seeds,
vegetables and potatoes, and for beef and dairy animal husbandry. The
Kharkiv Oblast is self-sufficient in main farm products.
As regards scientific and scientific-and-technological organisations,
the Kharkiv Oblast is the second-largest one after Kyiv and the largest
region in Ukraine. There 56 per cent of R&D facilities of Ukraine are
36,000 specialists of 14 academic institutes, 79 highest accreditation
educational establishments, and two hundred branch institutes are
engaged with R&D. These include 30 Full Members and Corresponding
Members of the National Academy of Sciences, 228 ones of branch
academies of sciences, 1,496 Doctors of Sciences, 9,000 Doctors of
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