The oblast is located in the south of Ukraine in Prichernomorskaya low
valley, in a steppe zone, in the low current of Dnieper. Is washed by
the Black and Azov seas, and also by Sivash (Rotten sea) and Kakhovka
reservoir. In the territory of the oblast there are 19 rivers. The
greatest rivers are the Dnieper river of 178 km in length, Ingulets
river having 180 km in length.
Khersonshchina borders in the east with Zaporozhye, in the northwest –
with Nikolaev, in the north – with the Dnepropetrovsk oblasts, in the
south along Sivash and Perekopsky isthmus – with Autonomous Republic of
Crimea. Along the territory of the oblast there is a state border by of
458 km long, including 350 km in the Black and 108 km in the Azov seas.
On the border there are 4 passways items: the airport, river port,
seaports of Kherson and Skadovsk.
The area is 28,5 thousand square kilometres, it contains 4,7% from
territory of Ukraine. Distance from Kherson to Kiev is
- 664 km by Railway;
- 584 km by Highways.
Climate is moderate – continental, droughty. Annual temperature is more
than +22,4°С on summer, -2,1°С on winter. Maximal annual temperature is
+40°С on summer, -31,5°С on winter. Duration of the warm period is per
average 179 days in one year. The annual quantity (amount) of deposits
from 300 up to 420 g. The vegetation period lasts 200 days. In the north
of Khersonshchina most of all take place in southern black soils with
forest subsoil. In the south they pass in the dark – chestnut and
chestnut ground, which located sometimes together with salt-marshes. For
the coast of the Black and Azov seas salt-marsh are featured.
Administrative – territorial units
Quantity of administrative regions is 18: Belozerski, Berislavski,
Velikolepetiski, Velikooleksandrivsksi, Verhnyorogachitski,
Visokopilski, Genicheski, Gornostayevski, Ivanovski, Kalanchatski,
Kahovski, Nignyosirogoski, Novovorontsovski, Novotroitski, Skadovski,
There are 3 cities of regional importance: Kherson – 349,6 thousand
people, Novaya Kakhovka – 55,6 thousand people, Kakhovka – 41,5 thousand
Urban – 742,1 thousand men., or 61,4% of the population of oblast.
Natural reduction for 5 months – 2,4 thousand men.
Village – 465,8 thousand men., or 38,6% of the population of the oblast.
Natural reduction – 1,5 thousand men.
Male – 565,3 thousand men., 46,8% the population of oblast.
Female – 642,6 thousand men., 53,2% the population of oblast.
Quantity of the pensioners – 317,4 thousand men, 26% to the population
of the oblast.
Due to age – 230,1 thousand people.
Due to physical inability – 45,3 thousand people.
Density of the population per 1 sq. km – 43,0 men
Birth rate (per 1000 inhabitants) – 8,0 men.
Death rate (per 1000 inhabitants) – 15,6 men.
Natural reduction of the population (per 1000 inhabitants) – 7,6 men.
Employment of the population (Data given on 01.01.2001)
Quantity of the population engaged in all spheres of economic activity