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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKhmelnytsky Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Area: 20.600 sq. km.


Population: 1 million 431 thousand people.


With its area of 3.4% of the territory of Ukraine, Khmelnitsky oblast is

one of the small oblasts. The oblast stretches for 220 km from north to

south and for 120 km from west to east (calculations were made according

to parallel and meridian of the center of the oblast).


The oblast is located in the southwest of the East European plain in the

forest-steppe and mixed-forest zones (Polissya). The territory’s relief,

soil and climate are favorable for economy and agriculture.


The Khmelnytsky oblast borders on Ternopil, Rivne, Zhytomyr, Vinnytsya,

and Chernyvtsi oblasts. The most important railways and highways cross

the oblast.


According to its administrative-territorial system the oblast is divided

into 20 districts, 13 towns, including 5 regional subordination towns

(Khmelnytsky, Kamyanets-Podilsky, Shepetivka, Slavuta and Netishyn), 24

urban villages, and 1.417 villages. The largest towns of the oblast are

Khmelnytsky, which is the oblast’s center and Kamyanets-Podilsky. Other

towns are quantitatively small.


The Khmelnytsky oblast is on the 12th place among the oblasts of Ukraine

according to the quantity of population. On January 1, 2000 there were

730 thousand of urban population or 51%, 701 thousand of rural

population or 49% of the total population.


There are a lot of historical, cultural and architectural sights in the

oblast, which contributes a lot to the effective development of tourism.

It is possible to establish and develop tourist routes on the places of

historical interest.


The oblast is rich in mineral resources. 260 deposits of mineral

resources had been searched and explored. 100 of them have been

exploited. The majority of them are of local importance (brick clays,

sands, limestone for lime production, limestone and granites for the

production of crushed stone and rubble).


Limestone and clays for the manufacture of cement, limestone for the

sugar industry, kaolin for the porcelain-faience industry and production

of refractors, gypsum and flint represent state-importance mineral

resources. New mineral resource types – graphite, saponite, glauconite,

phosphorites, and facing granites – have also been prospected.


One of the most promising directions of the oblasts mineral recourse

base development is the commercial exploration of graphite from the

deposits found in the northeast of the oblast.


The Burtyn graphite deposit is located in Polonsky and Shepetivsky

districts. Ores of the deposit are easily concentrated. The yield of

graphite concentrate is 95% and the ash content is low (2.5 to 11%). All

kinds and grades of graphite can be produced from ore.


Reserves and inferred resources of graphite ores of the deposit are up

to 350.000.000 tons.


Twenty-one graphite deposits with resources of 230-250.000.000 cubic

meters have been explored in the oblast. They fully meet the oblast’s

demand for building raw materials for 100-120 years.


The geological exploration in the northern and central parts of the

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