gical exploration in the northern and central parts of the
oblast have revealed a number of promising deposits of red and dark-grey
granite, diorite, and labradorite with high decorative properties.
The Khmelnytsky oblast is the only one region in Ukraine and in the
former Soviet Union where the deposits of saponite clays have been
explored. These are the unique natural formations that constitute a
province of betonite raw materials with specific properties.
The supplies of saponite deposits in the oblast constitute over 100
million tons. The width of the productive bed is 10-40 meters, and of
the overlying rock – 5-20 meters. The most explored are Varvarivske and
Tashkivske saponite clay deposits with resources exceeding 60 million
Adamivske and Karachiyivske complex deposits of glauconite sands with
resources of about 30 million tons have been explored in the south of
the oblast in Vinkovetsky district. High agrotechnical efficiency of the
use of glauconite as a cheap chlorine-free potash-phosphate fertilizer
in agriculture ascertained.
The Khmelnytsky oblast has phosphoric deposits, raw material for
manufacture of mineral fertilizers. Nowadays, Dzhurdzhyiyvske,
Maydanske, and Haidamatske deposits and some beds of concretionary
phosphorites, phosphorous anhydride reserves, according to latest
calculations, exceed 190 thousand tons and have not been developed yet.
Some prospects are associated with the new explored ore type – granular
phosphorites. Their inferred resources amount to about 120 million tons.
The oblast possesses the large resources of medicinal and table water.
There have been explored and developed Zbruchanske, Zaychykivske, and
Makivske springs of “Naftusya” – type mineral water; Teofipolske of a
“Myrgorodska” – type mineral water, Polonske of a radon’s mineral water.
All of them have been certified.
The detailed prospecting and approval of resources have been carried out
in two springs: Zbruchanske – 258 cubic meters per day and Zaychykivske
– 288 cubic meters per day. Recent studies have shown that “Naftusya” –
type mineral water springs stretch for 1.100 km alongside the river
Zbruch and their total inferred reserves amount to 190 thousand cubic
meters per day.
The Khmelnytsky oblast is situated at the frontier of large
historical-geographic territories: Right-Bank Ukraine to which it
belongs and Western Ukraine. In a narrow sense the oblast’s territory
belongs to Volyn (northern part, approximately to the river Slutch) and
Podillya (middle and southern parts). In the past Volyn and Podillya
belonged to the same or different states. Southern and western
boundaries of the present day oblast had been the state frontiers for
the long time.
In pre-war years Khmelnytsky oblast became the inland oblast of the
country. A narrow strip of the Chernivtsi oblast at the south separates
it from Moldova (10 km on a straight line) and Romania (24 km), the
border of Poland shifted much further (165-240 km).
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