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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKhmelnytsky Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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gical exploration in the northern and central parts of the

oblast have revealed a number of promising deposits of red and dark-grey

granite, diorite, and labradorite with high decorative properties.


The Khmelnytsky oblast is the only one region in Ukraine and in the

former Soviet Union where the deposits of saponite clays have been

explored. These are the unique natural formations that constitute a

province of betonite raw materials with specific properties.


The supplies of saponite deposits in the oblast constitute over 100

million tons. The width of the productive bed is 10-40 meters, and of

the overlying rock – 5-20 meters. The most explored are Varvarivske and

Tashkivske saponite clay deposits with resources exceeding 60 million



Adamivske and Karachiyivske complex deposits of glauconite sands with

resources of about 30 million tons have been explored in the south of

the oblast in Vinkovetsky district. High agrotechnical efficiency of the

use of glauconite as a cheap chlorine-free potash-phosphate fertilizer

in agriculture ascertained.


The Khmelnytsky oblast has phosphoric deposits, raw material for

manufacture of mineral fertilizers. Nowadays, Dzhurdzhyiyvske,

Maydanske, and Haidamatske deposits and some beds of concretionary

phosphorites, phosphorous anhydride reserves, according to latest

calculations, exceed 190 thousand tons and have not been developed yet.


Some prospects are associated with the new explored ore type – granular

phosphorites. Their inferred resources amount to about 120 million tons.



The oblast possesses the large resources of medicinal and table water.

There have been explored and developed Zbruchanske, Zaychykivske, and

Makivske springs of “Naftusya” – type mineral water; Teofipolske of a

“Myrgorodska” – type mineral water, Polonske of a radon’s mineral water.

All of them have been certified.


The detailed prospecting and approval of resources have been carried out

in two springs: Zbruchanske – 258 cubic meters per day and Zaychykivske

– 288 cubic meters per day. Recent studies have shown that “Naftusya” –

type mineral water springs stretch for 1.100 km alongside the river

Zbruch and their total inferred reserves amount to 190 thousand cubic

meters per day.




The Khmelnytsky oblast is situated at the frontier of large

historical-geographic territories: Right-Bank Ukraine to which it

belongs and Western Ukraine. In a narrow sense the oblast’s territory

belongs to Volyn (northern part, approximately to the river Slutch) and

Podillya (middle and southern parts). In the past Volyn and Podillya

belonged to the same or different states. Southern and western

boundaries of the present day oblast had been the state frontiers for

the long time.


In pre-war years Khmelnytsky oblast became the inland oblast of the

country. A narrow strip of the Chernivtsi oblast at the south separates

it from Moldova (10 km on a straight line) and Romania (24 km), the

border of Poland shifted much further (165-240 km).

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